Metaphysic in Three Books Ontology, Cosmology, and Psychology

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BiblioBazaar, 2008 - History - 560 pages
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This is a pre-1923 historical reproduction that was curated for quality. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove books with imperfections introduced by the digitization process. Though we have made best efforts - the books may have occasional errors that do not impede the reading experience. We believe this work is culturally important and have elected to bring the book back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide.

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About the author (2008)

Born in Bautzen and educated at Leipzig, Rudolf Hermann Lotze studied mathematics and physics before taking doctorates in both medicine and philosophy. He began teaching in the medical faculty at Leipzig in 1841, becoming professor of philosophy there in 1844. Lotze's main work is the three-volume "Mikrokosmos" (1856-64), although later he planned a more comprehensive account of his philosophy in three volumes, of which two, "Logic" (1874) and "Metaphysics" (1879), were completed. Lotze argued that it is not the function of metaphysics to ground empirical science by deducing its basic categories but only to analyze and clarify the concepts of the particular sciences, grounding itself on them and hence always remaining open to revision. This was to be a highly influential view in neo-Kantian, logical positivist, and analytical philosophy in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. But Lotze's conception of philosophy also includes the idea that human beings have an impulse, founded on ethics, to go beyond what science can warrant in the interests of knowing and achieving the ultimate good. Thus, for Lotze philosophy leads to religion, which is ultimately not so much a matter of knowledge as of feeling, one that seeks a unified relation to the world and to human life as a meaningful whole.

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