Pleasure and Instinct: A Study in the Psychology of Human Action

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Psychology Press, 1999 - Psychology - 336 pages
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Conflicting Identities and Multiple Masculinities takes as its focus the construction of masculinity in Western Europe from the early Middle Ages until the fifteenth century, crossing from pre-Christian Scandinavia across western Christendom. The essays consult a broad and representative cross section of sources including the work of theological, scholastic, and monastic writers, sagas, hagiography and memoirs, material culture, chronicles, exampla and vernacular literature, sumptuary legislation, and the records of ecclesiastical courts. The studies address questions of what constituted male identity, and male sexuality. How was masculinity constructed in different social groups? How did the secular and ecclesiastical ideals of masculinity reinforce each other or diverge? These essays address the topic of medieval men and, through a variety of theoretical, methodological, and disciplinary approaches, significantly extend our understanding of how, in the Middle Ages, masculinity and identity were conflicted and multifarious.
  

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Contents

PART
1
SENSORY PLEASURE AND UNPLEASURE
9
THE THEORY OF SENSORY UNPLEASURE
38
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
60
PART IV
71
REPRODUCTIVE INSTINCTS
81
CURIOSITY OR THE IMPULSE TO KNOWLEDGE
90
THE IMPULSE TO POWER
116
SUMMARY AND CLASSIFICATION OF THE HUMAN
202
THE RELATION OF FEELING TO THE INSTINCTS
211
THE ESTHETIC EXPERIENCE PLAY
224
THE PSYCHOLOGICAL NATURE OF PLEASURE AND UNPLEASURE
239
and unpleasure Further normal course of the affective
265
PART VI
295
INDEX
335
Copyright

ALTRUISM AND THE GREGARIOUS INSTINCT
153

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