The Ancient Messenians: Constructions of Ethnicity and Memory (Google eBook)

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Cambridge University Press, May 1, 2008 - History
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Early in the archaic period of Greek history, Messenia was annexed and partially settled by its powerful neighbour, Sparta. Achieving independence in the fourth century BC, the inhabitants of Messenia set about trying to forge an identity for themselves separate from their previous identity as Spartan subjects, refunctionalising or simply erasing their Spartan heritage. Professor Luraghi provides a thorough examination of the history of Messenian identity and consequently addresses a range of questions and issues whose interest and importance have only been widely recognised by ancient historians during the last decade. By a detailed scrutiny of the ancient written sources and the archaeological evidence, the book reconstructs how the Messenians perceived and constructed their own ethnicity at different points in time, by applying to Messenian ethnicity insights developed by anthropologists and early medieval historians.
  

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Delimiting the Messenians
15
3 The return of the Heraclids and the mythical birth of Messenia
46
4 The conquest of Messenia through the ages
68
5 Messenia from the Dark Ages to the Peloponnesian War
107
6 The Western Messenians
147
7 The earthquake and the revolt from Ithome to Naupaktos
173
8 The liberation of Messene
209
10 Messenians in the Empire
292
11 Conclusions
330
Bibliography
345
Index locorum
377
Index of inscriptions
381
Archaeological sites
383
General index
384
Copyright

9 Being Messenian from Philip to Augustus
249

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Page xii - Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum Consilio et auctoritate Academiae Scientiarum Berolinensis et Brandenburgensis editum Editio altera.

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