The Ancient Messenians: Constructions of Ethnicity and Memory (Google eBook)
Early in the archaic period of Greek history, Messenia was annexed and partially settled by its powerful neighbour, Sparta. Achieving independence in the fourth century BC, the inhabitants of Messenia set about trying to forge an identity for themselves separate from their previous identity as Spartan subjects, refunctionalising or simply erasing their Spartan heritage. Professor Luraghi provides a thorough examination of the history of Messenian identity and consequently addresses a range of questions and issues whose interest and importance have only been widely recognised by ancient historians during the last decade. By a detailed scrutiny of the ancient written sources and the archaeological evidence, the book reconstructs how the Messenians perceived and constructed their own ethnicity at different points in time, by applying to Messenian ethnicity insights developed by anthropologists and early medieval historians.
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2 Delimiting the Messenians
3 The return of the Heraclids and the mythical birth of Messenia
4 The conquest of Messenia through the ages
5 Messenia from the Dark Ages to the Peloponnesian War
6 The Western Messenians
7 The earthquake and the revolt from Ithome to Naupaktos
8 The liberation of Messene
9 Being Messenian from Philip to Augustus
Achaean League Aetolians Anaxilaos ancestors Andania Apollo Arcadians archaeological archaic Argive Argos Aristomenes Artemis Orthia Asine Asklepieion Asklepios Athenians Caelianus century BC chronology conﬁrmed conﬂict connection cult dedicated deﬁned deﬁnition Dentheliatis diaspora difﬁcult discussed Dorian Epaminondas Ephorus ethnic group evidence fact FgrHist ﬁfth century ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrst century fourth century Greece Greek Hellenistic Helots Heraclids hero Herodotus identiﬁed inﬂuence inscription Ithome Kresphontes Kyparissia Laconia Lakedaimonian Lakonike later liberation of Messenia located Luraghi mentioned Messene Messenian ethnicity Messenian identity Messenian polity Messenian Wars monument Mount Ithome myth narrative Naupaktos Nichoria Olympia Pamisos Paus Pausanias Peloponnese Peloponnesian perioikic perioikoi political Polyb Praktika probably Pylos rebels references reﬂect region revolt Rhegion Rhianus Saethida sanctuary second century seems settlement signiﬁcant sources Spartan conquest Spartans Spartiates Spawforth speciﬁc statue story Strabo suggest Taygetos Temenos temple territory Theban Themelis third century Thouria Thuc Thucydides tradition Tyrtaeus
Page 9 - I emphasized the entrepreneurial role in ethnic politics: how the mobilization of ethnic groups in collective action is effected by leaders who pursue a political enterprise, and is not a direct expression of the group's cultural ideology, or the popular will.