The Origins of Om Manipadme Hum: A Study of the Karandavyuha Sutra
Om| Man|ipadme Huμm|, perhaps the most well-known of all Buddhist mantras, lies at the heart of the Tibetan system and is cherished by both layman and lama alike. This book documents the origins of the mantra, presents a new interpretation of its meaning, and includes a detailed, annotated précis of the Kaμran|d|avyuμha Suμtra, opening up this important Mahaμyaμna Buddhist work to a wider audience.
The Kaμran|d|avyuμha—the earliest textual source for Om| Man|ipadme Huμm|—describes both the compassionate activity of AvalokitesŒvara, the bodhisattva whose power the mantra invokes, and the mythical tale of the search for and discovery of the mantra. Through a detailed analysis of this suμtra, Studholme explores the historical and doctrinal forces behind the appearance of Om| Man|ipadme Huμm| in India at around the middle of the first millennium C.E. He argues that the Kaμran|d|avyuμha has close affinities to non-Buddhist puraμn|ic literature, and that the conception of AvalokitesŒvara and his six-syllable mantra is informed by the conception of the Hindu deity Såiva and his five-syllable mantra Namah| Såivaμya. The suμtra reflects an historical situation in which the Buddhist monastic establishment was coming into contact with Buddhist tantric practitioners, themselves influenced by Såaivite practitioners.
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Amitabha amount of merit appears asks asuras Avalokitesvara Bali Bali's Bhagavadglta Bhagavata Bhagavata Purana bodhisattva body Brahma bringing to mind Buddha Buddhist Burnouf Chandra chapter Chinese Conze deity described Dharma dharmabhanaka doctrine five-syllable gods Gonda hair pores hell hundred Ibid Indian instance isvara Jetavana jewel Karandavyuha Sutra king Krsna Kuan-shih-yin lifiga Linga Purana Lokesvara lord lotus pools lotuses Mahayana sutras Mahesvara mandala mantra Mariipadme means merit accrued mind the name monastic Monier-Williams Namah Sivaya non-Buddhist Orn Manipadme Orri Manipadme Hum padme Padmottama Peking Perfection of Wisdom practice Prajnaparamita pranava preceptor pure land puru$a rak$asls realm rebirth in SukhavatT recitation refers Regamey religious Rocher Saddharmapundarlka Sutra Saivite Sakyamuni samadhis Samantabhadra Sanskrit SarvanTvaranaviskambhin says seen Simhala Siva Purana six perfections six syllables six-syllable formula Skanda Purana story tantric tathagata teaching thousand Thousand-Armed Avalokitesvara Tibetan translation ttvara Vaidya Vaisnavite vamana-avatara verse vidyadhara vihara vision Visnu yak$as yogin
Page 1 - Wherever they go they have in their hands a string of one or two hundred beads, like our rosaries, and they always repeat these words, on mani baccam, which is ‘God, thou knowest,' as one of them interpreted it to me, and they expect as many rewards from God as they remember God in saying this.