Kings and Clans: Ijwi Island and the Lake Kivu Rift, 1780-1840
By reconstructing the history of kings and clans in the Kivu Rift Valley (on the border of today's Rwanda and Zaire) at a time of critical social change, David Newbury enlarges our understanding of social process and the growth of state power in Africa. In the early nineteenth century, many factors contributed to the creation of new social relations in the Lake Kivu region--ecological change, population movement, the expansion of the Rwandan state from the east, the rise of new political units to the west, and the movement of many population groups and their ritual forms through the area. Newbury looks in particular at the role of clans in the establishment of a new kingdom on Ijwi Island in Lake Kivu.
Drawing on detailed ethnographic observations of the social and ritual organizations of Ijwi society, an extensive body of oral data, and evidence from written sources, Newbury shows that the clans of Ijwi were not static formations, nor did the establishment of a royal family on the island emerge from military conquest and internal social breakdown. Instead, clan identities changed over time, and these changes actually facilitated the creation of kingship on Ijwi. Through a detailed examination of succession struggles, of local factors influencing the outcome of such struggles, and of specific clan participation in public rituals that legitimize royalty, Newbury's study illustrates the importance of clan identities in both the creation of state power and its reproduction over time.
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Ijwi Island Today
List of Maps Figures and Tables Maps 1 Ijwi Island and neighboring areas
Lake Kivu Rift Valley topography
Ijwi Island mountain culture
An Overview of Kivu Culture c 1750
Kivu Rift societies
Archeological sites in the Kivu Rift area
The Process of Social Transformation on Ijwi Island
The Antecedents of Basibula Royalty
The states southwest of Lake Kivu
The Basibula domain
The south end of Lake Kivu
The Banyakabwa 104
The Social Alliances of the Basibula on Ijwi
Baloho marriage ties with Basibula
External Alliances and the Establishment of Royalty on Ijwi
Rwanda and the Rift
Regions of Rwanda
Rwanda army placement in the mideighteenth century
Ties across the Lake
Eastern villages on Ijwi
Creating Ritual Status
Baziralo communities on Ijwi
administrative Africa alliance arrival on Ijwi associated Babambo Badaha bagingi Bahande Bakanga Balega Baloho Bany'Iju Banyakabwa Banyambiriri Bashaho Basibula Baziralo Beeru Beshaza Biebuyck Binyalenge bloodpact Booze Bugoyi Buhunde Bukinanyana Bukunzi Burundi Bushi Butyangali Bwando Bwiiru Capita central court ceremony chapter claim clan identities colonial common concepts context cultural dynasty early east forms Gisaka groups Havu historical Ijwi Island Ijwi Nord Ijwi society Ijwi Sud Ijwi's immigrants important interaction Ishungu Kabego Kagame kingdom Kingdom of Rwanda Kinyaga kumbi L'organisation politique Lake Kivu lineage mainland Mitumba Mountains Mpembe Mpene Mpinga mubake mubande Muganuro mumbo Mushaho mwami Mwendanga Ndogosa Ndorwa Newbury Nile-Zaire Divide Nkundiye numbers Nyamuhiva Nyamuziga Nyanga patterns political population refer region reign relations Rift ritual roles ritualists royal drum royal family royal rituals royalty royaume Hamite Ruganzu Rujugira Rundi Rusizi Rwabugiri Rwanda Rwandan sources Rwandan traditions Sibula social status structures tion Vansina village western Zaire
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Limited preview - 1996