Arguments and Metaphors in Philosophy (Google eBook)

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University Press of America, Jan 1, 2004 - Philosophy - 241 pages
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In this book, Daniel Cohen explores the connections between arguments and metaphors most pronounced in philosophy, because philosophical discourse is both thoroughly metaphorical and replete with argumentation. The metaphors we use for arguments, as well as the ways we use metaphors as arguments and in arguments, provides the basis for a tripartite theoretical framework for understanding and evaluating arguments. There are logical, rhetorical, and dialectical dimensions to arguments, each providing norms for conduct, vocabulary for evaluation, and criteria for success. In turn, the identified roles for arguments in general discourse can be applied to metaphors, helping to explain what they mean and how they work. Cohen covers the nature of arguments, their modes and structures, and the principles of their evaluation. He also addresses the nature of metaphors, their place in language and thought, and their connections to arguments, identifying and reconciling arguments' and metaphors' respective roles in philosophy.
  

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Contents

Arguing With God
7
Arguments in Philosophy
23
To Philosophize is to Argue
25
Argument is War and War is Hell
35
One Way to Lose an Argument
51
Thinking about Arguments
65
Evaluating Arguments and Making MetaArguments
67
Logical Fallacies Dialectical Transgressions Rhetorical Sins and Other Failures of Rationality in Argumentation
81
Metaphors and the Discourse of Philosophy
129
The Tragedy of Philosophys Metaphors
141
Metaphors versus Arguments
153
Once Upon an Argument Being an Account of a Dialogue between a Poet and a Philosopher both Ancient
155
On Performance and Interpretation
173
The Logic of Rhetoric and the Rhetoric of Logic
181
Metaphors as Arguments And Arguments as Metaphors
197
Words Without End Amen
209

Why Should I Argue?
97
Just and Unjust Wars and Just and Unjust Arguments1
107
Metaphors in Philosophy
117
On Metaphors
119

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Popular passages

Page 8 - The correct method in philosophy would really be the following: to say nothing except what can be said, ie, propositions of natural scienceŚ ie, something that has nothing to do with philosophyŚ and then, whenever someone else wanted to say something metaphysical, to demonstrate to him that he had failed to give a meaning to certain signs in his propositions.
Page 5 - But yet if we would speak of things as they are, we must allow that all the art of rhetoric, besides order and clearness, all the artificial and figurative application of words eloquence hath invented, are for nothing else but to insinuate wrong ideas, move the passions, and thereby mislead the judgment, and so indeed are ^perfect cheats...
Page 3 - To say of what is that it is not, or of what is not that it is, is false, while to say of what is that it is, and of what is not that it is not...
Page 21 - Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever. And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people.

About the author (2004)

Daniel H. Cohen is Professor of Philosophy at Colby College.

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