The Creation of America: Through Revolution to Empire
In the standard presentation of the American Revolution, a ragtag assortment of revolutionaries, inspired by the ideals of liberty and justice, rise to throw off the yoke of the British empire and bring democracy to the New World. It makes a pretty story. Now, in place of this fairytale standing in for history, Francis Jennings presents a realistic alternative: a privileged elite, dreaming of empire, clone their own empire from the British. Jennings shows that colonies were extensions from Britain intended from the first to conquer American Indians. Though subordinate to the British crown, in the opposite direction they ruled over beaten native peoples. Adding to this dual nature, some colonists bought Africans as slaves and rigidly ruled over them within their colonies. To justify conquests and oppression, they invented the concept of racial gradation in a system of social castes. We live with it still. In this full scale reconception, the experience of tribal Indians and enslaved Blacks is brought into the whole picture. The colonists were enraged by efforts of crown and Parliament to forbid settlement in tribal territories. Especially Virginians rose under great speculator George Washington to seize the western lands in defiance of the crown's orders. We witness the founders' invasion and attempted conquest of Canada and the "conquest" of Pennsylvania as Quakers and German pietists were deprived of citizenship rights and despoiled of property through armed force and legal trickery. British sympathies were so strong that George III had to hire Hessians as soldiers because he could not trust his own people. And Britain also had movements for reform that won freedom of the press and refusal to legislate slavery while the Revolutionaries tarred and feathered their opponents and strengthened the slavery institution. Revolutionary rhetoric about liberty and virtue is revealed as war propaganda. Illegal "committees" and "conventions" functioned like soviets of the later Russian revolution. The U.S. Constitution was the fulfillment of the Revolution rather than its "Thermidor." The work is meticulously documented and detailed. By including the whole population in its history, Jennings provides an eloquent explanation for a host of anomalies, ambiguities, and iniquities that have followed in the Revolution's wake.
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Dependencies Indians the West
Colonial Variety I Virginia
Colonial Variety II New England
Colonial Variety III New York
Colonial Variety IV Pennsylvania
Colonial Variety V South Carolina
Religion Then and Now
A Peoples Democracy
Liberty Virtue Empire
Conquest Slavery Race
Combat Multiple Outbreaks
Combat The Western TheaterI
Combat The Northern Theater I
Frictions Arise Within the Empire
Royal Prerogative in America
War in Principle
At the Core
Reactions Becoming Revolution
A Variation on the Theme of Liberty in the Carolinas
Repression and Resistance
A Battle for Bishops
An American Clone Breaks Off
Imperial and Colonial Frontiers
Defiance and Crackdown
Uniting for Liberty Tentatively
Shots Heard Round the World
JSTOR: The Creation of America: Through Revolution to Empire
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The Founding Villains - New York Times
The Founding Villains. By WILLIAM R. EVERDELL. The Creation of America Through Revolution to Empire. By Francis Jennings. 340 pp. New York: ...
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The Creation of America
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Jennings, The Creation of America: Through Revolution to Empire (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000). 11. For the historiography on American ...
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Reviews and Short Notices
The Creation of America: Through Revolution to Empire. By Francis Jennings. Cambridge University Press. 2000. xii + 340pp. £12.95 (pb). ...
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F. Jennings, The Creation of America. Through Revolution to Empire, Cambridge University Press, 2000, s. 142; 4. R. Raphael, A People’s History of the ...
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