The Clash of Cultures on the Medieval Baltic Frontier

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Alan V. Murray
Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2009 - History - 369 pages
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The conversion of the lands on the southern and eastern shores of the Baltic Sea by Germans, Danes and Swedes in the period from 1150 to 1400 represented the last great struggle between Christianity and paganism on the European continent, but for the indigenous peoples of Finland, Livonia, Prussia, Lithuania and Pomerania, it was also a period of wider cultural conflict and transformation. This collection explores the theme of clash of cultures from a variety of perspectives, discussing the nature and ideology of crusading in the medieval Baltic region, the struggle between Catholicism and Orthodoxy, and the cultural confrontation that accompanied the process of conversion.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
CONVERTING LANDSCAPES CONVERTING PEOPLES
5
A Clash of Two Identities
37
The Transformations of Social
53
A Clash of Cultures?
73
Pope Honorius III and Mission and Crusades in the Baltic
103
Violent Victims? Surprising Aspects of the Just War Theory
123
Converting Trees
141
Sterile Monsters? Russians and the Orthodox Church in
227
Archbishop Vasilii Kalika of Novgorod the Fortress
253
Orthodox Churches in Medieval Livonia
275
WARFARE ON THE BALTIC FRONTIER
293
Crossbows or Catapults? The Identification of Siege Weaponry
307
The Significance of the Local Baltic Peoples in the Defence
321
A Select
341
Index
357

Acceptance
169
Saints Cults in Medieval Livonia
191

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