The Clash of Cultures on the Medieval Baltic Frontier
Alan V. Murray
Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2009 - History - 369 pages
The conversion of the lands on the southern and eastern shores of the Baltic Sea by Germans, Danes and Swedes in the period from 1150 to 1400 represented the last great struggle between Christianity and paganism on the European continent, but for the indigenous peoples of Finland, Livonia, Prussia, Lithuania and Pomerania, it was also a period of wider cultural conflict and transformation. This collection explores the theme of clash of cultures from a variety of perspectives, discussing the nature and ideology of crusading in the medieval Baltic region, the struggle between Catholicism and Orthodoxy, and the cultural confrontation that accompanied the process of conversion.
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CONVERTING LANDSCAPES CONVERTING PEOPLES
A Clash of Two Identities
The Transformations of Social
A Clash of Cultures?
Pope Honorius III and Mission and Crusades in the Baltic
Violent Victims? Surprising Aspects of the Just War Theory
Sterile Monsters? Russians and the Orthodox Church in
Archbishop Vasilii Kalika of Novgorod the Fortress
Orthodox Churches in Medieval Livonia
WARFARE ON THE BALTIC FRONTIER
Crossbows or Catapults? The Identification of Siege Weaponry
The Significance of the Local Baltic Peoples in the Defence
Saints Cults in Medieval Livonia
Albert Albert of Riga archbishop areas Baltic Crusades Baltic Frontier Baltic region Baltic Sea baptism bishop Bruiningk Brundage burials castle Catholic cemeteries centres Christendom Christian chronicle of Henry Chronicon Livoniae Church conquest Crusade and Conversion cult cultural Curonians Danish Diplomatarium Danicum Dominicans Dorpat early eastern Baltic region enemies Estonia Europe evidence example faith Finland Finnish fortress fourteenth century German Geschichte Hame heathens Helsinki Henry of Livonia Henry's chronicle hillforts History HoBropoacKaa Holy Honorius Innocent Jahrhundert jieTonHCb Karelia king land late Latin Latvia Latvijas vesture letter Letts Lithuanians Livldndische Reimchronik Livonian Rhymed Chronicle Livs Mary medieval Meinhard Middle Ages military mission missionary Mittelalter native northern Novgorod Novgorodian Orekhov Orthodox pagan papal patron saint peasants Peter von Dusburg political Pope priest prince religious Reval Riga Russian settlement social societies sources Sweden Swedish Sword Brethren Tallinn Tartu territory Teutonic Knights Teutonic Order thirteenth century towns trans vols Western