From Custodialism to Community: A Theory Based Manual for Transforming Institutions
From Custodialism to Community offers a critique of current residential care and a rationale and strategies for its transformation. The authors discuss challenges presented to residential settings by developmental characteristics of adolescence, specifically the power of the peer group as it encourages challenging authority. The response to these challenges by a custodial model that dominates today's residential institutions are described and illustrated. The shortcomings of the model are analyzed, specifically the interlocking of a them-us struggle between staff and residents, and the violent and manipulative control of peer youth leaders over their peer followers. An alternative model of building each institution as a community in which residents, caregivers, professionals and administrators are all fellow community members is discussed. Strategies and techniques to achieve the desirable transformation are presented. Implications for additional types of total institutions are also suggested. The book is organized around thirty-seven full-page diagrams, each conveying a central theme, which is then elaborated in the text, making the book reader friendly and appealing to a wide and diverse readership.
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achieved administrators adolescents become behavior build carrot challenge child childcare workers children and youth clean clients cognitive dissonance community culture COMMUNITY DIAGRAM concept confronted Cottage Six cottage workers create Delancey Delancey Street Delinquent democratic community deviant behavior deviant sub-culture Dismas drugs example Feedback fellow community members followers gang Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft Glen Mills Glen Mills School goal graduate growing Habilitation hierarchical important influence interaction isolated from adults Kitty Genovese latent consequences loyalty Max Weber mission negative peer group neighborhood Nurture Assumption one's organization parents participate peer group culture peer group norms peer leaders Polsky positive culture powerful Press problem professionals reactance Reality Therapy rehabilitation relationships residential community residential institutions residential setting Residential Treatment responsibility role second order change Social Structure society solidarity Spergel staff and residents staff and students strategies task force teenagers them-us values youngsters youth subculture