International Human Rights
Human rights, now a regular part of international relations, were not recognized as a legitimate subject of diplomatic concern prior to 1945. Jack Donnelly traces the rise of human rights issues after World War II, through the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the dark days of the Cold War, the resurgence of interest during the Carter presidency, and the Reagan administration’s resistance, up to the current post–Cold War era.Although concerned primarily with the international politics of human rights, the book includes a chapter on theoretical issues, including the moral basis of human rights, problems of cultural relativism, and the place of human rights in the contemporary international society of states. Case studies of human rights violations in Chile, Argentina, South Africa, El Salvador, and Nicaragua, as well as extensive illustrations drawn from other parts of the world, lend concreteness to the discussion. Throughout the volume, Donnelly gives attention not only to the realist emphasis on power and international anarchy but also to the reality and impact of moral concerns, interdependence, international organizations, and nongovernmental organizations.Tables, boxes, photos, cartoons, and essential human rights documents accompany the text, along with features common to all Dilemmas in World Politics books—discussion questions, suggested readings, a chronology, and a glossary. International Human Rights is ideal for all levels of students in international relations, foreign policy, peace studies, international organizations, and law.
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The United States and the Southern Cone
US Policy Toward South Africa
Other Western Approaches to International Human Rights
Explaining Differences in International Human Rights Policies
Responding to Tiananmen
International Responses to Tiananmen
Assessing the Impact of International Action
Constructive Engagement Revisited
Human Rights and the Society of States
Realism and Human Rights
Cultural Relativism and Universal Human Rights
The Domestic Politics of Human Rights The Case of the Southern Cone
Torture and Disappearances
The National Security Doctrine
Human Rights NGOs
The Collapse of Military Rule
Settling Accounts with Torturers and the Past
The Multilateral Politics of Human Rights
Workers Rights and Apartheid
Regional Human Rights Mechanisms
Assessing Multilateral Human Rights Mechanisms
Human Rights and Foreign Policy
Central America and US Human Rights Policy
War and Genocide in the Former Yugoslavia
War and Genocide
The International Response
New Patterns and Precedents
Nationalism and Human Rights
International Human Rights in a PostCold War World
Sovereignty Power and Interdependence
Democracy and Human Rights
Markets and Human Rights
International Human Rights Policy in a New World Order
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
action activities American Amnesty International anticommunism apartheid Argentina Bosnia Carter Chapter Chile China civil and political civilian cold war Commission on Human Committee countries Croatia cultural relativism cultural rights decades democracy democratic Dirty War disappearances economic and social El Salvador elections ethnic European example force genocide groups Guatemala Helsinki human rights NGOs human rights policies human rights practices human rights regime human rights violations humanitarian implementation individual International Covenant international human rights international relations internationally recognized human issues less liberal ment military rule million monitoring moral Moscow Helsinki Group NGOs Nicaragua Nonetheless organizations peacekeeping political rights post-cold Press principal procedures protection racial Reagan recognized human rights relatively relativism reports repression response Rwanda Salvador sanctions Serbs social rights Somoza South Africa Southern Cone sovereignty ternational Tiananmen tional tions torture treaty U.S. foreign policy U.S. policy United Nations Universal Declaration Uruguay victims
Page 166 - Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
Page 166 - Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation...
Page 165 - Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind...
Page 166 - Article 1 All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Article 2 Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
Page 166 - Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks. ARTICLE 13 1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state. 2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.