The elements of chemistry, inorganic and organic (Google eBook)

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Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green, 1863 - Chemistry, Inorganic - 267 pages
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Page 74 - The temperature may be increased by mixing hydrogen and oxygen in the proportion of two volumes of the former to one of the latter, and burning it from a safety jet.
Page 8 - Specific weight, or specific gravity, is the number which expresses the ratio which the weight of a cubic inch of the body bears to the weight of a cubic inch of distilled water at a temperature of 15-5° C.
Page 182 - Brass consists of about 30 parts ofzinc'and 70 of copper. Copper is sometimes externally converted into brass by exposure, when at a red heat, to the vapour of zinc. The gold wire of Lyons is manufactured from copper bars prepared in this manner. Gun metal consists of 90 parts of copper and 10 of tin. Bell metal contains a larger proportion of tin. Bronze consists of 91 parts of copper, 2 of tin, 6 of zinc, and I of lead.
Page 30 - On preparing a filter, the piece of paper should be first examined, by looking through it against the light, to ascertain that it is free from holes. The simplest filter is made by folding the paper twice in opposite directions...
Page 106 - ... artificial one is formed by sinking a shaft into the rock-salt, and, if necessary, introducing water. This, when saturated, is pumped up, and evaporated more or less rapidly in large iron pans. As the salt separates, it is removed from the bottom...
Page 6 - ... of the elements being constant. 2. When any body is capable of uniting with a second in several proportions, these proportions bear a simple relation to each other. 3. If a body. A, unite with other bodies, B, C, D, the quantities of B, C, D...
Page 104 - ... vitriol, in its crystallized state, has the composition CuSO4,5Aq, its molecular weight being 249.4. In this state it forms large blue crystals, which have a nauseous metallic taste, and a density of 2.27. It is soluble in between two and three times its weight of water at the ordinary temperature, and in less than its own weight of boiling water: the solution has a blue color, and a distinctly acid reaction. At a temperature of about 204° C. (400° F.) the salt becomes anhydrous and crumbles...
Page 173 - Chalk.—This is a manufactured article, prepared by adding a solution of carbonate of soda to a solution of chloride of calcium (both cheap salts), so long as a precipitate is thrown down.
Page 74 - ... atmosphere arranging themselves on the earth's surface according to their respective weights. This diffusive power of hydrogen renders it impossible to keep it for any length of time in bladders, or the best constructed gasholders, and when mixed with air from any leakage it explodes when ignited. Hydrogen is not a supporter of combustion. If a lighted taper be plunged into a jar of hydrogen it is extinguished ; the hydrogen burns only at the top of the jar, where it comes in contact with the...
Page 4 - When any body is capable of uniting with a second in several proportions, these proportions bear a simple relation to each other. 3. If a body, A, unite with other bodies, B, C, D, the quantities of B, C, D, which unite with A, represent the relation* in ic/nV/it/ity unite among themselves, in the event of union taking place.

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