Instruction: theoretical and applied perspectives
Instruction highlights the ongoing research of military and academic communities--research aimed at developing new approaches in the instruction of complex intellectual processes and skills. Representative work includes learning procedural tasks and learning text comprehension processes in various environments such as computer-managed instructional settings. A variety of technological factors relevant to developing training materials for computerized environments is also presented. In addition, new domains such as learning map interpretation skills are included. This major collaborative effort was supported by the Navy Personnel Research and Development Center in San Diego, California. Researchers from major military personnel research organizations and universities contributed to this volume. The essays study: student cognitive attributes and performance in a computer-based instructional setting; factors in retention of procedural tasks; experimental investigation of text comprehension in bilinguals; functional context theory; literary and electronics training; problem solving in technical domains; motivation, learning, and prescriptions for change; teaching interpretive skills; training analysis and design for complex aircrew tasks; and implementation of instructional system development in the U.S. Army. This book will be invaluable to educators in the academic and military worlds.
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Cognitive Factors in Learning and Retention of Procedural Tasks
Prescriptions for Change
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abilities and aptitudes achievement acquisition aircrew applied approach attribution automaticity basic BE&E behavior characteristics cognitive processes cognitive psychology cognitive science cognitive styles cognitive task analysis complex component skills comprehension computer-managed concepts context theory contour lines course Cronbach Development Center device domain Educational Psychology effects electronics Erlbaum ESL recruits experience facilitate factors failure tolerance Federico functional context functional explanations functional instruction group Glaser goal group-paced Hillsdale human important individual differences information processing instructional systems instructional treatments interactions intrinsic motivation knowledge base learners learning environment linear literacy map interpretation map users mastery learning material mathematics measures mental models Metacognition military modules motivation theories Navy Personnel Research outcome problem solving procedural knowledge procedural tasks reading real world recruit training relationships representation Research and Development specific Sternberg Sticht strategies structural instruction group teaching technical TRADOC training programs troubleshooting types understanding variables verbal