The Republic and The Laws (Google eBook)

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Digireads.com Publishing, Jan 1, 2009 - Political Science - 134 pages
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This work contains two of Cicero s most important political writings, "The Republic" (De re publica) and "The Laws" (De Legibus). In "The Republic", or "On the Commonwealth", Cicero crafts a Socratic dialogue in six books on the subject of Roman politics. Cicero discusses the history of Roman politics and its constitution, the role of justice in government, the types of constitutions, the role of education, and the ideal citizen in a republic. In "The Laws" we find another Socratic dialogue which discusses the laws and in which Cicero expounds on his theories of natural law and of harmony among the classes. Only three books of "The Laws" remain from an indeterminate number that were originally written. Together these books will enlighten the reader as to the foundation of Cicero s political philosophy and give one insight into the early democratic ideals which form the foundation of western political thought.
  

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Contents

Preface by the Editor
5
Introduction to the First Book
6
Introduction to the Second Book
27
Introduction to the Third Book
43
Book III
44
Introduction to the Fourth Book
56
Introduction to the Fifth Book
59
Introduction to the Sixth Book
62
Endnotes to The Republic On the Commonwealth
70
A Review of the History of Ciceros Treatise on the Laws
73
Book I
79
Book II
97
Book III
118
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About the author (2009)

Born in Arpinum on January 3, 106 B.C., Marcus Tullius Cicero was a Roman orator, writer, and politician. In Rome, Cicero studied law, oratory, philosophy, and literature, before embarking on a political career. Banished from Rome in 59 B.C. for the execution of some members of the Catiline group, Cicero devoted himself to literature. Cicero was pardoned by Julius Caesar in 47 B.C., and returned to Rome to deliver his famous speeches, known as the "Philippics," urging the senate to declare war on Marc Antony. Cicero's chief works, written between 46 and 44 B.C., can be classified in the categories of philosophical works, letters, and speeches. The letters, edited by his secretary Tiro, showcase a unique writing style and charm. The most popular work of the period was De Officiis, a manual of ethics, in which Cicero espoused fundamental Christian values half a century before Christ. Cicero was murdered in Formiae, Italy, on December 4, 43 B.C., by Antony's soldiers after the triumvirate of Antony, Lepidus, and Octavius was formed.

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