The fragmentary poetic: eighteenth-century uses of an experimental mode
The Fragmentary Poetic is the first study of the mode of the fragmentary eighteenth-century poetry. Revisiting traditional literary historiography, it offers a fresh account of the "Pindaric" impulse, a mode informing deliberate fragmentation. Its "amphibian" nature accommodates its transgeneric use in genres as varied as the ode and the epic, deploying the ruin as an emblem of its deliberate resistance to closure or the sublime to indicate rupture. The study discusses the ode, the long-poem, imitations of Spenser, Macpherson's "reinventions" of the epic, and poems engaging with memory and ruin. Poets variously utilized the fragmentary as a mode reflecting human fallibility, but also (paradoxically) as evidence for original completeness and authenticity. Detailed discussions of poems include works ranging from Thomson and Young to Macpherson, Charlotte Smith, and Wordsworth. Scholars of both eighteenth-century and Romantic period poetry will find this book a useful guide to the generic complexity of eighteenth-century poetry. This account of the polymorphous nature of the fragment and definitional and formal fluidity enables scholars to rethink eighteenth-century form and to appreciate a pervasive mode that found its most varying expression in the poetry of the period. Sandro Jung is the James Thomson Fellow in Eighteenth- and Ninteenth-Century Literature and Culture at the University of Salford.
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The Pindaric Mode
Inventing the LongPoem
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Abraham Cowley Ancient anthologies attempt authenticity ballad Beachy Head Beauties blank verse Cambridge University Press canto century character Chatterton classical Collins complete compositions context Cowley Cowley's critics cultural digressive Dodsley Dyer E. M. W. Tillyard edition eighteenth eighteenth-century poetry English epic episodes Faerie Queene frag fragmentary mode genius genre Gothic Gray's Grongar Hill Hardyknute heroic hymnal Ibid ideal imitation inspired introduced invocation James Macpherson Jerome McGann John John Bancks John Dyer landscape Leonidas literary Literature London long-poem lyric Macpherson ment Milton Miscellany modal Muse narrative nature Netley Abbey Night Thoughts notes original Ossian Oxford past Pemberton perfection Pindaric Pindaric mode Pindaric ode poem's poet poet's poetic Preface printed production prose published reader reflected represents rhyme Romantic ruins Seasons sense Shenstone song speaker Spenser Spenserian stanza structure sublime Thomas Gray Thomas Warton Thomson Tintern Abbey tion tradition translation unfinished unity Warton William Wordsworth writing