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absence acter adaptation American animals appear bees bird breeder breeding cent cestodes characters chromosomes color corn crayfishes crinoids cross cuticula Darwin dk.br dominant ecology eggs environment evidence evolution experimental experiments fact factor female fertilization flowers forms genera genus green growth gynandromorph hair Heredity heterozygote hybrids important index number individuals inheritance insects kelps lamina larva Lessoniopsis lt.br male matter Mendelian Mendelian inheritance methods mice muscular articulations mutation natural selection NATURALIST Notes and Literature observed offspring organs Origin of Species ovary oyster pairs paper parent pinnule plants plates present problem produced Professor race Raymond Pearl rays Recapitulation Theory recent region relation Science seeds seems selection index Shorter Articles single specimens spermatophores sporophytic stages stipe structure subcuticular subcuticular cells T. H. Morgan temperature theory tion toads trematodes variability variations varieties vegetation Vries yellow
Page 82 - But as my conclusions have lately been much misrepresented, and it has been stated that I attribute the modification of species exclusively to natural selection, I may be permitted to remark that in the first edition of this work, and subsequently, I placed in a most conspicuous position — namely, at the close of the Introduction — the following words : " I am convinced that natural selection has been the main but not the exclusive means of modification.
Page 73 - No man would ever try to make a fantail till he saw a pigeon with a tail developed in some slight degree in an unusual manner, or a pouter...
Page 145 - We are thus brought to the question which has been largely discussed by naturalists, namely, whether species have been created at one or more points of the earth's surface. Undoubtedly there are very many cases of extreme difficulty, in understanding how the same species could possibly have migrated from some one point to the several distant and isolated points, where now found. Nevertheless the simplicity of the view that each species was first produced within a single region captivates the...
Page 85 - Our ignorance of the laws of variation is profound. Not in one case out of a hundred can we pretend to assign any reason why this or that part differs, more or less, from the same part in the parents.
Page 83 - One of the most remarkable features in our domesticated races is that we see in them adaptation, not indeed to the animal's or plant's own good, but to man's use or fancy.
Page 385 - ... 1 Papers from the Biological Laboratory of the Maine Agricultural Experiment Station. No.
Page 151 - The direct action of changed conditions leads to definite or indefinite results. In the latter case the organisation seems to become plastic, and we have much fluctuating variability. In the former case the nature of the organism is such that it yields readily, when subjected to certain conditions, and all, or nearly all the individuals become modified in the same way.
Page 148 - ... to natural selection, by affording a better chance of the occurrence of profitable variations. Unless such occur, natural selection can do nothing. Under the term of " variations," it must never be forgotten that mere individual differences are included.
Page 81 - There are, however, some who still think that species have suddenly given birth, through quite unexplained means, to new and totally different forms: but, as I have attempted to show, weighty evidence can be opposed to the admission of great and abrupt modifications. Under a scientific point of view, and as leading to further investigation, but little advantage is gained by believing that new forms are suddenly developed in an inexplicable manner from old and widely different forms, over the old...