Science in the Service of Children, 1893-1935 (Google eBook)

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Yale University Press, Oct 1, 2008 - History - 400 pages
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This book is the first comprehensive history of the development of child study during the early part of the twentieth century. Most nineteenth-century scientists deemed children unsuitable subjects for study, and parents were hostile to the idea. But by 1935, the study of the child was a thriving scientific and professional field. Here, Alice Boardman Smuts shows how interrelated movements—social and scientific—combined to transform the study of the child.

Drawing on nationwide archives and extensive interviews with child study pioneers, Smuts recounts the role of social reformers, philanthropists, and progressive scientists who established new institutions with new ways of studying children. Part history of science and part social history, this book describes a fascinating era when the normal child was studied for the first time, a child guidance movement emerged, and the newly created federal Children’s Bureau conducted pathbreaking sociological studies of children.

  

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Contents

Three Movements One Goal
1
Preparing the Way 18931910
13
1 Save the Child and Save the Nation
15
2 G Stanley Hall and the Child Study Movement
31
3 Scientific Child Rearing Organized Motherhood and Parent Education
49
4 Social Welfare Reformers and ReformMinded Scientists
62
Creating the Models 19101921
79
5 The Childrens Bureau under Julia Lathrop
81
8 The Childrens Decade
139
9 Child Development Research
155
10 Out of Step with His Times
173
11 The Child Guidance Movement
191
12 Child Guidance Becomes Child Psychiatry
207
13 The Childrens Bureau under Grace Abbott
226
What Happened to the Early Movements?
252
Notes
271

6 From Juvenile Delinquency Research to Child Guidance
103
7 Better Crops Better Pigs Better Children
117
Breaking Through 19221940
137

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