The Sociology of Childhood

Front Cover
Pine Forge Press, 2005 - Social Science - 359 pages
1 Review
'The provision of many amusing examples from Corsaro's own research experience

with children make his book a thoroughly enjoyable read as well as a valuable

critical sociological analysis of childhood' - Sociology

The Sociology of Childhood is the Second Edition of a text that has been universally acclaimed as the best book on the subject available today. It is the only text that thoroughly covers children and childhood from a sociological perspective. The second edition retains the same quality coverage of social theories of childhood, the consideration of children and childhood in historical and cultural perspective, children's peer cultures from preschool through preadolescence, and the social problems of children. The book has been updated to include new research, information, and discussions on the latest social indicators regarding children in the United States and around the world.

Key Features

New chapter on up-to-date methods of research for studying children.

New chapters on theory, cultural change, and children's peer cultures.

New section on children's rights including a description and discussion of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Updated chapter on the Future of Childhood addresses current policy debates and changing demographics related to children in today's societies.

Contains many examples of children's actual play and behavior.

Provides photographs and charts that capture the complexity and diversity of children's lives.

The Sociology of Childhood is highly recommended for use as the core text in courses on the sociology of children and childhood, as well as for parents, teachers, and other adults interested in the social lives and development of children. It can also be used in early education, child development, and child psychology courses, and as a supplemental text in the area of family studies.

William A. Corsaro is the Robert H. Shaffer Class of 1967 Endowed Professor of Sociology at Indiana University, Bloomington, where he teaches courses on the sociology of childhood, childhood in contemporary society, and ethnographic research methods. Corsaro is the author of Friendship and Peer Culture in the Early Years (1985) and "We're Friends, Right": Inside Kids' Culture (2003). He was a Fulbright Senior Research Fellow in Bologna, Italy, in 1983-84 and a Fulbright Senior Specialist Fellow in Trondheim, Norway, in 2003. His research has been featured on NPR, the BBC in London, and in the New Yorker.

  

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Contents

The Sociological Study of Childhood
1
Social Theories of Childhood
5
Socialization
7
Childrens Understanding of Conservation of Mass
12
Children Collectively Participate in Society
18
Do Chips Have Blood on Them?
20
Summary
27
The Structure of Childhood and Childrens Interpretive Reproductions
29
Friendship Sharing and Social Participation
136
The Little Chairs Routine
137
Access Rituals in an American Preschool
141
Italian Childrens Production of the Cantilena in Discussione
146
Autonomy and Control in Peer Culture
149
The Walking Bucket
154
La Strega
156
Summary
158

The New American Grandparent
31
Age and Gender in Hausa Society
33
Childhood Childrens Activities and Interpretive Reproduction in Peer Culture
40
Preschool Childrens Secondary Adjustments to Teachers Rules
42
Summary
43
Studying Children and Childhood
45
Macrolevel Methods
46
Microlevel Methods
49
Nontraditional Methods in Studying Children
55
Ethical Issues in Researching Childrens Lives
56
Summary
58
Children Childhood and Families in Historical and Cultural Context
59
Historical Views of Childhood and Children
61
Philippe Ariess Centuries of Childhood
62
The Debate Regarding GrandStage Theories of the family and Childhood
65
The New History of Childhood
67
The Newsies
78
Summary
80
Social Change Families and Children
83
Childrens Everyday Lives in Families
85
Amy Sticks Up for Her Mom
88
The Effects of Recent Socioeconomic Changes on Children and Childhood in Western Societies
95
The Effects of Recent Socioeconomic Changes on Children and Childhood in Developing Societies
102
Summary
104
Childrens Cultures
107
Childrens Peer Cultures and Interpretive Reproduction
109
Central Importance of Peer Culture in Interpretive Reproduction
110
Symbolic Aspects of Childrens Cultures
115
Material Aspects of Childrens Cultures
125
Summary
131
Sharing and Control in Initial Peer Cultures
133
Central Themes in Childrens Initial Peer Cultures
134
Conflict and Differentiation in the Initial Peer Culture
161
Bad Wolves Do Not Exist
162
Social Differentiation in Initial Peer Cultures
171
Summary
188
Preadolescent Peer Cultures
191
Peer Cultures in Preadolescence
192
Autonomy and Identity in Preadolescent Peer Cultures
201
Cradle of Love
208
Disputes Conflict Friendships and Gender
211
Boys and Cooties
217
Summary
221
Children Social Problems and the Future of Childhood
225
Children Social Problems and the Family
229
Work Families and Childhood
230
Divorce and Its Effects on Children
236
Child Abuse in the Family
243
Summary
248
Children Social Problems and Society
251
The Abraham Lincoln of Child Workers
258
The Story of Nicholas
265
Teen Pregnancy and Nonmarital Births
267
Violence Victimization and the Loss of Childhood
275
Summary
281
The Future of Childhood
283
The Major Challenges
286
Some More Modest Proposals to Enrich Childrens Lives
293
Conclusion
310
References
311
IndexGlossary
339
About the Author
359
Copyright

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Page 358 - It is in particular the notion of the "zone of proximal development" that has commanded a considerable amount of attention in recent years. This is defined "as the distance between a child's actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving" and the higher level of "potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance or in collaboration with more capable peers (Vygotsky, 1978, p.

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About the author (2005)

William A. Corsaro is the Robert H. Shaffer Class of 1967 Endowed Professor of Sociology at Indiana University, Bloomington, where he teaches courses on the sociology of childhood, childhood in contemporary society, and ethnographic research methods.

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