A Theory of Cognitive Aging (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Elsevier, Apr 1, 2000 - Science - 455 pages
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Over a half-century of research has documented the fact that people of different ages perform at different levels on a variety of tests of cognitive functioning, and yet there are still no comprehensive theories to account for these phenomena.

A Theory of Cognitive Aging is intended to begin intellectual discussion in this area by identifying major issues of controversy, and proposing a particular theoretical interpretation based on the notion that the rate of processing information slows down with increased age. Although still quite preliminary, the theoretical perspective is demonstrated to provide a plausible account for age-related differences in functioning on measures of memory, spatial ability and reasoning.

The book has four aims:
- To advocate a more explicitly theoretical approach to research in the area of cognitive aging.
- To outline three important dimensions along which it is argued that any theory of cognitive aging phenomena must take a position.
- To evaluate empirical evidence relevant to specific positions along those dimensions.
- To summarize the major concepts of the current theory, and to describe its application to selected findings in the research literature.

  

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
Chapter 2 The Nature and Function of Theories
7
Chapter 3 Development of Theories of Development
25
Chapter 4 The InformationProcessing Framework
43
Chapter 5 Experience and Expertise
85
Chapter 6 General Methodological Issues
119
Chapter 7 Requirements of a Cognitive Aging Theory
145
Chapter 8 The Speed Factor in Cognition
203
Chapter 10 The Processing Rate Theory of Cognitive Aging
295
Chapter 11 Memory Abilities
321
Chapter 12 PerceptualSpatial Abilities
345
Chapter 13 Reasoning Abilities
361
Chapter 14 Implications and Future Directions
371
References
379
Name Index
435
Subject Index
455

Chapter 9 The Speed Factor in Cognitive Aging
249

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