Health Behavior (Google eBook)

Front Cover
David S. Gochman
Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 31, 1988 - Medical - 440 pages
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HEALTH BEHAVIOR AS BASIC RESEARCH Health behavior is not a traditional discipline, but a newly emerging interdisciplinary field. It is still in the process of establishing its identity. Few institutional or organizational structures, i. e. , departments and programs, reflect it, and few books and journals are directed at it. The primary objective of this book is thus to identify and establish health behavior as an important area of basic research, worthy of being studied in its own right. As a basic research area, health behavior transcends commitment to a particular behavior, a specific illness or health problem, or a single set of determinants. One way of achieving this objective is to look at health behavior as an outcome of a range of personal and social determinants, rather than as a set of risk factors or as targets for intervention strategies directed at behavioral change. The book is thus organized pri marily in terms of the size of the determinants of concern, rather than in terms of specific health behaviors, or specific health problems or conditions. With the first part of the book establishing working defmitions of health behavior and health behavior research as basic frameworks, the second part moves from smaller to larger systems, informing the reader about basic research that demonstrates how health behavior is determined by personal, family, social, institutional, and cultural factors. These distinctions reflect some arbitrar iness: the family, organizations, and institutions, for example, are social units.
  

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Contents

Plural Perspectives
3
Consensus and Confusion
13
Cognitive Determinants
21
The Health Belief Model and Predictions of Health Actions
27
Threatening Health Communications
35
Beliefs about Control and Health Behavior
43
The Development and Stability of Health Locus of Control Beliefs
55
Personal Characteristics and LifeStyle
65
Institutional Determinants
209
Organizational Influences on Patient Health Behaviors
215
Effect of New Organizational Forms
223
The Design of Physical Environments and Health Behavior
231
Human Needs and the Physical Environment
233
Conclusion
239
Cultural Factors in SickRole Expectations
249
Future Sick Role Research
257

LifeStyle and Health Behavior
71
Changing LifeStyles and Health Behavior
79
Pathways to Health Behavior
87
Disadvantages of Path Analysis
93
Summary
100
Family Determinants of Health Behaviors
107
Summary and Conclusions
118
Social Structure and Networks
125
Social Group Characteristics and Health Behavior
131
Problems and Implications
144
Social Supports Social Networks and Health Status
150
Future Directions
157
Social Roles
163
The SickRole Concept
169
Future Research Possibilities
176
SickRole Legitimization
181
Implications for Health Care Delivery and the Social System
188
Smoking
194
Accidents
200
Symptoms and CareSeeking
264
Health Maintenance Behavior
272
HEALTH BEHAVIOR AND THE CARE DELIVERY SYSTEM
281
Reciprocity in the Medical Encounter
293
Future Directions
302
Importance and Demonstration
311
Power Compliance and Control
319
Power Authority and Health Behavior
325
Factors in Patient Power
327
Limitations of Behavioral Strategies
344
Health Behavior Research and the Training
363
References
376
Health Education
381
Conclusion
394
Chronic Illness and Adult Modes of Learning
401
Present and Future
409
Issues of Identity
412
Summary
421
Copyright

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Page 422 - Social work practice in the health field. New York: National Association of Social Workers, 1961. Berkman, B., & Rehr, H. The "sick-role" cycle and the timing of social work intervention.

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