An introduction to the rock-forming minerals
Longman Scientific & Technical, 1992 - Science - 696 pages
This revised edition has entailed a thorough re-writing of the text, taking account of the impressive advances that have been made in all aspects of earth sciences, particularly mineralogy, over the recent years.
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albite alkali feldspars Amer amphiboles analcite anorthite atoms augite axis biotite birefringence brown calcite cations chemical Chemistry chlorite chloritoid cleavage colour colourless in thin common composition constituent cordierite crystals diopside Dispersion distinguished dolomite end-member enstatite epidote extinction angle feldspars ﬁeld formula garnet granites green hematite hexagonal hornblende hydrothermal igneous rocks illite increase intergrowths interlayer iron iron-rich jadeite kaolinite kbar lamellar layers leucite magnetite metamorphic micas microcline monoclinic muscovite nepheline Numbers of ions occurs octahedral olivine omphacite optic axial angle Optical and Physical optical properties Orientation orthopyroxene orthorhombic oxides oxygen pale Paragenesis parallel pegmatites Petr phase phlogopite Physical Properties plagioclase plane Pleochroism potassium pressure pumpellyite pyrite pyroxene quartz range reaction reﬂections refractive indices replacement sanidine sediments silicate sillimanite smectites solid solution space group speciﬁc gravity spinel staurolite structure substitution synthetic temperature tetrahedra tourmaline triclinic twinning Unit cell varieties wt per cent yellow zeolites zone