Spanish American Poetry After 1950: Beyond the Vanguard
Providing a basis for understanding the main lines of development of poetry in Spanish America after Vanguardism, this volume begins with an overview of the situation at the mid-century: the later work of Neruda and Borges, the emergence of Paz. Consideration is then given to the decisive impact of Parra and the rise of colloquial poetry, politico-social poetry (Dalton, Cardenal) and representative figures such as Orozco, Pacheco and Cisneros. The aim is to establish a few paths through the largely unmapped jungle of Spanish American poetry in the time period. The author emphasises the persistence of a generally negative view of the human condition and the poets' exploration of different ways of responding to it. These vary from outright scepticism to the ideological, the religious or those derived from some degree of confidence in the creative imagination as cognitive. At the same time there is analysis of the evolving outlook on poetry of the writers in question, both in regard to its possible social role and in regard to diction. DONALD SHAW holds the Brown Forman Chair of Spanish American literature in the University of Virginia.
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The Vanguard and After
Neruda and Parra 2
Borges and Cardenal
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Alejandra Pizarnik already antipoemas Antonio Cisneros assert become believe Berenice Borges Borges's Cardenal Cardenal's change Cisneros Cisneros's clear clearly climactic climax collection colloquial contrast Dalton Dalton's death diction different earlier early effect emphasizes Enrique Lihn Ernesto Cardenal especially evokes example experience express fact find first followed gnostic holism human condition humour ibid image imagery include kind language last later level life love makes Mario Benedetti Marxism meaning mentioned metaphor mind modern mundo need Neruda Neruda's Nicanor Parra notice notion Octavio Paz Odes Olga Orozco Orozco Orozco's outlook Pacheco Pacheco's Parra Parra's pattern Paz's people perhaps poem poems poesía poet poetic poets point political positive process published question reader reality recognize reference reveal revolutionary Robert Lowell Roque Dalton same second seems seen sense society Spanish American poetry spiritual stanza suggests symbol symbolizes terms theme three time Vallejo Vanguardist view voice words work world writes