Autonomy and Conflict: Ethnoterritoriality and Separatism in the South Caucasus : Cases in Georgia
Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, 2002 - Political Science - 248 pages
Providing minority populations with autonomy is gaining appreciation as a method of solving, managing, and even pre-empting ethnic conflict. However, in spite of the enthusiasm for autonomy solutions among academics and practitioners alike, there is reason to argue that the provision of autonomy for a minority may under certain circumstances increase rather than decrease the likelihood of conflict. In certain political conditions, autonomy strengthens the separate identity of a minority; it thereby increases its incentives to collective action against the state; and most of all its capacity to seek separation from the central state, through the state-like institutions that autonomy entails.
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The Roots of Ethnopolitical Conflict
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Abashidze Abkhaz Abkhazia Ademon Nykhas Ajaria Ajars Akhalkalaki Ardzinba areas argue ASSR autonomous regions autonomous republics Azerbaijan Azeris in Georgia background factors Batumi Bolshevik border catalyzing factors Caucasian causal central government chapter civic cohesion Communist Party cultural differences demographic elite emergence Empire especially ethnic conflict ethnic groups ethnic kin ethnopolitical conflict existed external support fact forces Gamsakhurdia Georgian government Georgian national Georgian nationalists Gurr hence human rights increased independence institutions internal issue Javakheti Javakheti Armenians Javakhk Kakheti Kvemo Kartli language leaders Lenin Lezgins likelihood of conflict Menshevik Moreover Moscow Mountainous Karabakh Muslim national conception North Ossetian Ottoman past conflict political proposition radical leadership regime relations risk of conflict role rough terrain Russian military Samtskhe-Javakheti secession secessionist Shevardnadze significant situation socialist South Caucasus South Ossetia Soviet Union Stalin status Sukhumi Supreme Soviet Talysh Tbilisi tensions territorial autonomy titular nationality Tskhinvali Turkey union republics USSR whereas