A Corpus of Early Medieval Inscribed Stones and Stone Sculpture in Wales: South-West Wales
Inscribed stones and stone sculpture forms the most prolific body of material evidence which survives for Wales in the period c AD 400-1100. Stones inscribed in Latin or Old Irish ogam (or both), which date to the fifth to seventh centuries, commemorate the elite of Welsh society. They are crucial to understanding the degree of Roman continuity, the impact of Irish settlement and the development of both the early kingdoms and Christianity in Wales. The inscriptions on these and the later sculpture are a major source for the Latin, Welsh and Irish languages and early medieval literacy. The cross-carved stones, which probably begin in the seventh century, and the larger freestanding crosses and other monuments, which are mostly of ninth- to eleventh-century date, allow us to identify a range of early medieval ecclesiastical sites within a wider landscape and trace the patronage of the church by the secular elite. The ornament, iconography and inscriptions allow a study of the impact and interchange of cultural contacts with Ireland, the Irish Sea zone, Anglo-Saxon England, the Vikings and the Continent.
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Geological sources and selection of stone by Heather Jackson
The early inscribed stones
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Allen Anon BL Stowe Brawdy broad Caldy Island Cardiganshire Carew Carmarthenshire carved centre chip acc church churchyard CIIC CISP Clydai cross-arm cross-head cross-slab Crown copyright DIMENSIONS h dolerite early inscribed stones early medieval Edrins epigraphic equal-arm EVIDENCE FOR DISCOVERY Fishguard fragmentary genitive grave-marker horizontal iacit interlace Language Brittonic Period later Latin cross letter-forms letters Lewis Lhuyd line-drawing of inscription linear cross linear Latin Llanbadarn Fawr Llanddewi Aber-arth Llanddewibrefi Llandeilo Fawr Llanfihangel Ystrad Llanfynydd Llangwyryfon Llantwit Major Llanwinio Llanwnda Macalister monument Nash-Williams ECMW Nevern NMW holds ogam ogam inscription Ordovician ornament Pembrokeshire Penally pillar Preseli Hills PRESENT CONDITION PRESENT LOCATION PS-W RCAHMW rectangular reuse Rhys ring ring-cross Roman roman-letter inscription sandstone sculpture Seventh to ninth shaft sixth century slab south-west Wales St Davids St Dogmaels St Dogwells St Edrins STONE TYPE suggested Tedeschi tion Tregaron vertical Welsh Westwood