## Springs of Scientific Creativity: Essays on Founders of Modern Science (Google eBook)Mathematician Henri Poincaré was boarding a bus when he realized that the transformations of non-Euclidean geometry were just those he needed in his research on the theory of functions. He did not have to interrupt his conversation, still less to verify the equation in detail; his insight was complete at that point. Poincaré's insight into his own creativity -- his awareness that preliminary cogitation and the working of the subconscious had prepared his mind for an intuitive flash of recognition -- is just one of many possible analyses of scientific creativity, a subject as fascinating as it is elusive. The authors of this book have chosen to search for the springs of scientific creativity by examining the lives and work of a dozen innovative thinkers in the fields of mathematics, physics, and chemistry from the seventeenth down to the mid-twentieth century. |

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### Contents

3 | |

Chapter 2 Newtons Development of the Principia | 21 |

Chapter 3 The Origins and Consequences of Certain of J P Joules Scientific Ideas | 44 |

Chapter 4 Maxwells Scientific Creativity | 71 |

Chapter 5 The Scientific Style of Josiah Willard Gibbs | 142 |

Chapter 6 Principal Scientific Contributions of John William Strutt Third Baron Rayleigh | 163 |

A Comparison of Creative Styles | 188 |

Chapter 8 Walther Nernst and the Application of Physics to Chemistry | 203 |

The Case of Special Relativity | 232 |

Chapter 10 Erwin Schrödinger and the Descriptive Tradition | 254 |

Chapter 11 Michael Polanyis Creativity in Chemistry | 279 |

Chapter 12 The Role of John von Neumann in the Computer Field | 308 |

Contributors | 329 |

Index | 331 |

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atomic Berlin body Cambridge Campbell Cavendish chemical chemistry classical Clausius concept diagram discovery discussion dynamics early Edinburgh Einstein electricity electromagnetic electron energy engine ENIAC entropy equation experiment experimental fact Faraday Forbes force Galileo gases Gibbs Gibbs’s heat hydrogen Ibid ideas inﬂuence intellectual interest invented J. J. Thomson James Clerk Maxwell John von Neumann John William Strutt Josiah Willard Gibbs Joule Joule’s laboratory later lectures letter Leverkiihn Leverkuhn logical London Lord Rayleigh magnetic Manchester Mann mathematicians mathematics matter Maxwell’s method Michael Polanyi motion motu nature Neumann Newton orbit phenomena philosophical physical physicist postulates Principia principle problem Professor published quantum theory reaction remarked Royal Society Schrodinger Schrodinger’s Scientiﬁc Scientific Papers scientists solution speed of light Sperry Strutt Tait temperature theoretical theory of relativity thermodynamics thinking third law tion velocity Walther Nernst wave mechanics William Thomson wrote