Processing Metonymy and Metaphor
Ablex Publishing Corporation, Jan 1, 1997 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 501 pages
Addressing three main topics, this work begins by describing the general nature of non-literal language. Relatively obscure topics are defined, including metonymy and synesis. Secondly, the nature of metonymy and metaphor is investigated, along with related semantic phenomena, such as literalness, inconsistency, and lexical and case ambiguity. The final main topic is an approach to processing metonymy and metaphor, broken down into three parts: a model of language in which they are decomposed into simpler elements; an artificial intelligence theory called Collative Semantics (CS); and an implementation of CS in a computer program called MetaS, which recognizes metaphors, metonymies, and various nontropes in short English sentences.
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What Is NonLiteral Language?
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agent algorithm animal antonomasia arcs Arthur Ashe Artificial Intelligence ARTIST FOR ARTFORM assertion belief car drinks gasoline Carbonell cell match Chapter Computational Conceptual Dependency constraints CONTAINER FOR CONTENTS conventional metaphors copula described dictionary example explicit source explicit target Fass Figure graph search algorithm ham sandwich hierarchy Hobbs Ibid ill-formed input implicit term John McEnroe kind knowledge knowledge representation Lakoff & Johnson Lakoff and Johnson lexical ambiguity linguistic litotes mapping Martin meaning meta5 metallel metaphor and metonymy metaphor interpretation metaphorical concepts metaphorical relation metonymic concepts metonymic inference metonymic interpretation metonymy and metaphor natural language natural language processing network path nonliteral language noun phrase noun senses novel Nunberg object plough primitives processing Pustejovsky referential metonymy relationship relevant cell representation Section selection restriction semantic relations semantic vector sense-frame sense-network path sentence source and target Stallard structure supertype synecdoche syntactic tion tropes types verb sense violation Weischedel Wilks word senses