All that we can be: Black leadership and racial integration the Army way
When one thinks of those institutions in America that have been at the vanguard of social change, the U.S. Army does not spring readily to mind. And yet, over the past two decades, the Army has become the most successfully integrated institution in America - from the ranks of the lowliest privates to the highest level of command. What has made the Army's experience so striking is that this success was achieved without resort to numerical quotas or manipulation of test scores, nor has the promotion of black officers engendered the racial resentment that has become all too common in business, government, and higher education. All That We Can Be reveals how the Army created such a smoothly functioning system, how it works, and how this military model can be adapted to fit the needs of civilian society. The authors, Charles C. Moskos and John Sibley Butler, are the nation's foremost authorities on race relations in the armed forces, and together they bring more than a half-century's experience observing and analyzing how the Army gets things done. Moskos and Butler point out that what makes the Army unique is that it is the only place in America where blacks routinely boss around whites, and in this book they lay out the path by which the Army has promoted excellence across racial lines. Colin Powell is the most visible symbol of the Army's success, for his career has exemplified the guiding tenets of the Army system of merit-based recruitment, training, and promotion. There are many surprising findings in this book, especially for those who may think of the Army as a hidebound and rigidly hierarchical organization. Moskos and Butler reveal how the Army has created a transracial"Afro-Anglo" culture that fosters organizational effectiveness, and they make the point that black advancement does not depend upon the absence of racists in an organization so long as opportunity channels exist for minorities. Moskos and Butler also describe in detail the success of the Army's educational programs in developing the academic skills of underprivileged recruits - blacks and whites alikeand which could serve the needs of civilian youth as well.
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Success StoryWith Caveats
Blacks in the Common Defense
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academic affirmative action Afro Afro-American American society AmeriCorps armed forces Army's Bill black achievement Black Americans black leaders black NCOs black officers black soldiers black students blacks and whites cadets campus career Charles Moskos civil civilian service Colin Colin Powell combat command culture Defense DEOMI discrimination educational benefits enlisted enrolled enrollees EOAs federal Fund goals graduates groups HBCUs Henry Louis Gates high school institution John Sibley Butler JROTC leadership lesson major ment mili military service minority national service national service program NCOs Negro number of blacks organizations participants Peace Corps Powell Prep School President promotion proportion of blacks race relations racial climate racial integration racism ranks recruits role ROTC scores segregated sergeant served server skills slaves social standards survey tary tion troops U.S. Army units USMAPS veterans Vietnam volunteers Washington West Point white soldiers women World York young youth corps