The Endangered Species Act: History, Conservation Biology, and Public Policy

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JHU Press, Mar 12, 2001 - Law - 212 pages
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Since the 1970s, the Endangered Species Act (ESA), by virtue of its regulatory impact, has been a frequent subject of policy analysis. In this comprehensive history and critique of the ESA, Brian Czech and Paul R. Krausman incorporate the new model of policy design theory to frame a larger discussion about conservation biology and American democracy.

Czech and Krausman provide a historical background of endangered species policy that integrates natural history, socioeconomic trends, political movements, and professional developments. Outlining the controversies surrounding the ESA, they find a connection between challenges to species conservation and challenges to democracy. After an assessment of ESA analyses that have been performed from traditional perspectives, they engage policy design theory to review the structural logic of the ESA, analyzing each clause of the legislation for its application of the fundamental elements of democracy. To address the technical legitimacy of ESA, they propose two new genetic considerations—functional genome size and molecular clock speed—to supplement phylogenetic distinctiveness as criteria with which to prioritize species for conservation. Next, they systematically describe the socioeconomic context of ESA by assessing and classifying the causes of species endangerment.

A hybrid of policy analysis and ecological assessment, The Endangered Species Act: History, Conservation Biology, and Public Policy will appeal to scholars and students in the fields of natural resource policy and law, conservation biology, political science, wildlife ecology, and environmental history, and to professionals at agencies involved in wildlife conservation.

  

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Contents

Species Acts and Democracy
3
Statutory Administrative and Academic Evolution of
15
Traditional Analyses of the Endangered Species Act
27
A POLICY DESIGN ANALYSIS OF
45
Types of species as policy subjects in the social construction
71
Spheres of legitimacy
78
Prioritizing species for conservation based on phylogenetic
86
Property Rights and the Endangered Species Act
128
Summary and Recommendations
143
Appendix 1
165
Common and Latin Names of Species Mentioned in the Text
179
References
185
Index
201
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Brian Czech is a conservation biologist with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and is the author of Shoveling Fuel for a Runaway Train: Errant Economists, Shameful Spenders, and a Plan to Stop Them All. Paul R. Krausman is a professor of wildlife science and associate director of the Arizona Agriculture Experiment Station at the University of Arizona. His previous books include Rangeland Wildlife and Ecology and Management of Large Mammals in North America (co-edited).