Bash_ and the Dao: The Zhuangzi and the Transformation of Haikai (Google eBook)

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University of Hawaii Press, 2005 - Literary Criticism - 248 pages
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Although haiku is well known throughout the world, few outside Japan are familiar with its precursor, haikai (comic linked verse). Fewer still are aware of the role played by the Chinese Daoist classics in turning haikai into a respected literary art form. Basho and the Dao examines the haikai poets' adaptation of Daoist classics, particularly the Zhuangzi, in the seventeenth century and the eventual transformation of haikai from frivolous verse to high poetry. The author analyzes haikai's encounter with the Zhuangzi through its intertextual relations with the works of Basho and other major haikai poets, and also the nature and characteristics of haikai that sustained the Zhuangzi's relevance to haikai poetic construction. She demonstrates how the haikai poets' interest in this Daoist work was rooted in the intersection of deconstructing and reconstructing the classical Japanese poetic tradition. Well versed in both Chinese and Japanese scholarship, Qiu explores the significance of Daoist ideas in Basho's and others' conceptions of haikai. in-depth analysis of the connection between Chinese and Japanese poetic terminology, and a comparison of Daoist traits in both traditions. The result is a penetrating study of key ideas that have been instrumental in defining and rediscovering the poetic essence of haikai verse. Basho and the Dao adds to an increasingly vibrant area of academic inquiry - the complex literary and cultural relations between Japan and China in the early modern era. Researchers and students of East Asian literature, philosophy, and cultural criticism will find this book a valuable contribution to cross-cultural literary studies and comparative aesthetics.
  

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Contents

Encountering the Zhuangzi
13
From Falsehood to Sincerity
41
Bashos Fiikyo and the Spirit of Shoyoyu
60
Bashos Furyu and Daoist Traits in Chinese Poetry
94
Following Zoka and Returning to Zoka
127
Epilogue
160
Glossary
195
Selected Bibliography
225
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About the author (2005)

Peipei Qiu is associate professor of Japanese at Vassar College.

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