Typology and Universals
William Croft presents a comprehensive introduction to the method and theory used in studying typology and universals. The second edition of this essential textbook has been thoroughly rewritten and updated to reflect advances in typology and universals in the past decade, including: new methodologies such as the semantic map model and questions of syntactic argumentation; discussion of current debates over deeper explanations for specific classes of universals; and comparison of the typological and generative approaches to language.
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adjective adposition affix analysis anaphoric animacy argues argument attested basic behavioral potential Bybee competing motivations Comrie conceptual space constraints construction correlation Croft cross-linguistic comparison definition DemN diachronic direct object distinction distribution dominant Dryer element encoding English ergative example explanation expressed function gender genitive Givon grammatical categories grammatical relations grammaticalization Greenberg Haiman harmony Haspelmath Hawkins Heine and Reh hypothesis iconic motivation implicational universals inflectional inflectional potential involves language change language universals lexical linguistic marked morpheme morphological morphological typology morphosyntactic nasal NDem nominal noun phrase NRel overt parameters participant roles phenomenon phonetic phonological place of articulation plural polysemy predication preposition pronouns properties prototype reference relationship relative clause relativization represents sample semantic maps singular strategy structural coding suffix suppletion synchronic text frequency theory third person transitive typological approach typological classification typological markedness typological universals typologist variation verb indexation verbal vowels word order zero coded