Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects ...: An inquiry concerning human understanding. A dissertation on the passions. An. inquiry concerning the principles of morals. The natural history of religion (Google eBook)
T. Cadell, 1817
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actions agreeable allowed appear approbation argument arise ascribe Athenians authority beauty benevolence blame cause cerning character Cicero circumstances common concerning conclusion conduct conjoined connection consequences consider contrary course of nature degree deity Demosthenes discover distinction divine effect endeavour entirely Epicurus esteem event evident excite existence experience farther feel force former friendship give happiness Hesiod human nature idea imagination immediately inference influence inquiry instance intelligent interest Iphicrates justice kind laws mankind manner ment merit mind miracle moral nations neral never object observe operation opinion opposite origin ourselves Palamedes particular passions pernicious person philosophers Phocion pleasure Plutarch Polybius polytheism possessed praise present principles produce qualities racters reason reflection regard relation relations of ideas religion render rience rules scepticism seems self-love sense sensible sentiment sion social virtues society species superstition supposed surely Tacitus testimony theism thing tion tural utility vanity vice
Page 115 - That no testimony is sufficient to establish a miracle, unless the testimony be of such a kind, that its falsehood would be more miraculous than the fact which it endeavours to establish. And even in that case there is a mutual destruction of arguments, and the superior only gives us an assurance suitable to that degree of force which remains after deducting the inferior.
Page 167 - When we run over libraries, persuaded of these principles, what havoc must we make ? If we take in our hand any volume ; of divinity or school metaphysics, for instance; let us ask, Does it contain any abstract reasoning concerning quantity or number ? No. Does it contain any experimental reasoning concerning matter of fact and existence ? No. Commit it then to the flames ; for it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion.
Page 116 - ... of such credit and reputation in the eyes of mankind as to have a great deal to lose in case of their being detected in any falsehood; and at the same time attesting facts, performed in such a public manner and in so celebrated a part of the world, as to render the detection unavoidable: All which circumstances are requisite to give us a full assurance in the testimony of men.
Page 116 - When any one tells me, that he saw a dead man restored to life, I immediately consider with myself, whether it be more probable that this person should either deceive or be deceived, or that the fact which he relates should really have happened. I weigh the one miracle against the other; and according to the superiority which I discover, I pronounce my decision, and always reject the greater miracle. If the falsehood of his testimony would be more miraculous than the event which he relates; then,...
Page 131 - Our most holy religion is founded on Faith, not on reason; and it is a sure method of exposing it to put it to such a trial as it is by no means fitted to endure.
Page 77 - Suitably to this experience, therefore, we may define a cause to be an object, followed by another, and where all the objects similar to the first are followed by objects similar to the second.
Page 132 - So that, upon the whole, we may conclude, that the Christian Religion not only was at first attended with miracles, but even at this day cannot be believed by any reasonable person without one. Mere reason is insufficient to convince us of its veracity: and whoever is moved by Faith to assent to it, is conscious of a continued miracle in his own person, which subverts all the principles of his understanding, and gives him a determination to believe what is most contrary to custom and experience.
Page 115 - Why is it more than probable that all men must die; that lead cannot, of itself, remain suspended in the air; that fire consumes wood, and is extinguished by water; unless it be that these events are found agreeable to the laws of nature, and there is required a violation of these laws, or in other words a miracle, to prevent them?