Canal Irrigation in British India: Perspectives on Technological Change in a Peasant Economy
Although one of the acknowledged achievements of the British Raj was the extensive construction of irrigation works, their effects have to date been little studied by historians. In this book Dr Stone has undertaken the first full-scale study of the qualitative and quantitative effects on local economics of these irrigation schemes. Focusing upon the region of western Uttar Pradesh in the nineteenth century, the author examines in detail the response of the peasant economy to this important and pervasive form of technological change. In particular, he is concerned with the impact on crop choices, on the organisation and techniques of production, on protection from famine and on the ecological balance, on social and economic relations, and on differential economic performance. An integral part of his study is his examination of the technical features and administration of the systems.
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Development of the canal system
Canal irrigation as an appropriate technology
Impact on agricultural production and organisation
Management control and distribution
Protection against famine
Canal irrigation and the dynamism of the western UP
Career outlines of engineers important in the formative phase of canal irrigation development
Quantitative analysis of the impact of canal irrigation upon crop patterns
Irrigation of major crops as a percentage of total area irrigated by each canal
Glossary of Indian terms
acres administrative Agra Canal agricultural Aligarh Allahabad average Bulandshahr bullocks Cadell canal irrigation Canal Tract canal villages canal water cane cash cattle Cautley Cawnpore channels charges construction costs Cotton crop patterns cultivators distributary distribution Doab drainage drought Duthie and Fuller eastern effect Engineer enhanced Etawah fact factory famine favour fever fields flow frequently Ganges Canal grain headworks Ibid improved increased India indigo involved Jansath Jats Jumna khadir kharif Koil kolabas labour landlords less Mainpuri malaria maunds Meerut division miles Muttra Muzaffarnagar Note NWP PWD(I NWP&O Rev operation Oudh pargana particularly peasant population problem Proby Cautley production Punjab rabi rabi crops rainfall rajbaha rent Report rice Saharanpur Scarcity schemes season Settlement Officer soil sugar sugarcane technical tehsil tenants United Provinces Upper Doab Uttar Pradesh water rate water supply western districts wheat yields zamindars