Canal Irrigation in British India: Perspectives on Technological Change in a Peasant Economy

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Cambridge University Press, Jul 25, 2002 - Business & Economics - 392 pages
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Although one of the acknowledged achievements of the British Raj was the extensive construction of irrigation works, their effects have to date been little studied by historians. In this book Dr Stone has undertaken the first full-scale study of the qualitative and quantitative effects on local economics of these irrigation schemes. Focusing upon the region of western Uttar Pradesh in the nineteenth century, the author examines in detail the response of the peasant economy to this important and pervasive form of technological change. In particular, he is concerned with the impact on crop choices, on the organisation and techniques of production, on protection from famine and on the ecological balance, on social and economic relations, and on differential economic performance. An integral part of his study is his examination of the technical features and administration of the systems.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Development of the canal system
13
Canal irrigation as an appropriate technology
68
Impact on agricultural production and organisation
105
Pricing
159
Management control and distribution
195
Protection against famine
239
Canal irrigation and the dynamism of the western UP
278
Career outlines of engineers important in the formative phase of canal irrigation development
348
Quantitative analysis of the impact of canal irrigation upon crop patterns
350
Irrigation of major crops as a percentage of total area irrigated by each canal
352
Glossary of Indian terms
353
Bibliography
359
Index
369
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