Reconstructing conservation: finding common ground
In the 1990s, influenced by the deconstructionist movement in literary theory and trends toward revisionist history, a cadre of academics and historians led by William Cronon began raising provocative questions about ideas of wilderness and the commitments and strategies of the contemporary environmental movement. While these critiques challenged some cherished and widely held beliefs -- and raised the hackles of many in the environmental community -- they also stimulated an important and potentially transformative debate about the conceptual foundations of environmentalism.Reconstructing Conservation makes a vital contribution to that debate, bringing together 23 leading scholars and practitioners -- including J. Baird Callicott, Susan Flader, Richard Judd, Curt Meine, Bryan Norton, and Paul B. Thompson -- to examine the classical conservation tradition and its value to contemporary environmentalism. Focusing not just on the tensions that have marked the deconstructivist debate over wilderness and environmentalism, the book represents a larger and ultimately more constructive and hopeful discussion over the proper course of future conservation scholarship and action. Essays provide a fresh look at conservation icons such as George Perkins Marsh and Aldo Leopold, as well as the contributions of lesser-known figures including Lewis Mumford, Benton MacKaye, and Scott Nearing. Represented are a wealth of diverse perspectives, addressing such topics as wilderness and protected areas, cultural landscapes, rural/agrarian landscapes, urban/built environments, and multiple points on the geographic map. Contributors offer enthusiastic endorsements of pluralism in conservation values and goals along with cautionary tales about the dangers of fragmentation and atomism. The final chapter brings together the major insights, arguments, and proposals contained in the individual contributions, synthesizing them into a dozen broad-ranging principles designed to guide the study and practice of conservation.Reconstructing Conservation assesses the meaning and relevance of our conservation inheritance in the 21st century, and represents a conceptually integrated vision for reconsidering conservation thought and practice to meet the needs and circumstances of a new, post-deconstructivist era.
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From Deconstruction to Reconstruction
Writing Environmental History from East to West
The Nature of History Preserved or The Trouble with
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agrarian agriculture Aldo Leopold American approach Berry biodiversity biological chapter citizens community-based conservation concept Conservation Biology conservation movement conservation tradition conservationism conservationists context Cronon Democracy democratic Dewey diversity ecological ecological economics economic ecosystem management efforts environment environmental ethicists environmental ethics environmental history environmental policy environmental values example farm Flader and Callicott Forestry George Perkins Marsh global goals habitat human idea important individual intrinsic value Island Press land ethic landowners landscape Lewis Mumford living Lowenthal MacKaye ment Minteer Mitchell moral Muir Mumford National Park natural and cultural natural resource Norton organizations paradigm participation perspective philosophy Pinchot political practice pragmatic preservation problems professional protected areas reconstructing conservation regional planning restoration role rural Sand County Almanac Scott Nearing servation social society species stewardship sustainable theory Thoreau tion University Press urban values and ethics Vermont vision Wendell Berry wilderness Wildlife York