Imaging, Mapping and Modelling Continental Lithosphere Extension and Breakup

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Garry D. Karner, Gianreto Manatschal, L. Pinheiro
Geological Society of London, Jan 1, 2007 - Science - 482 pages
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This book summarizes our present understanding of the formation of passive continental margins and their ocean-continent transitions. It outlines the geological, geophysical and petrological observations that characterize extensional systems, and how such observations can guide and constrain dynamic and kinematic models of continental lithosphere extension, break-up and the inception of organized seafloor spreading. The book focuses on imaging, mapping and modelling lithospheric extensional systems, at both the regional scale using dynamic models to the local scale of individual basins using kinematic models, with an emphasis on capturing the extensional history of the Iberia and Newfoundland margins. The results from a number of other extensional regimes are presented to provide comparisons with the North Atlantic studies; these range from the Tethyan realm and the northern Red Sea to the western and southern Australian margins, the Basin and Range Province, and the Woodlark basin of Papua New Guinea. All of these field studies, combined with lessons learnt from the modelling, are used to address fundamental questions about the extreme deformation of continental lithosphere.
  

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Contents

Karner G D Manatschal G Pinheiro L M Imaging mapping and modelling
1
Hopper J R Funck T Tucholke B E Structure of the Flemish Cap margin
47
Sibuet J C Srivastava S P EnachescU M Karner G D Early Cretaceous motion
63
RESTON T J The formation of nonvolcanic rifted margins by the progressive extension of the
77
The IberiaNewfoundland continental extensional system dynamic modelling
111
Burov E The role of gravitational instabilities density structure and extension rate in the
139
L GraNDEll S A dynamic model of rifting between Galicia Bank and Flemish
157
The IberiaNewfoundland continental extensional system kinematic modelling
173
Direen N G Borissova I Stagg H M J Colwell J B Symonds P A Nature of
239
Observational characteristics of nonAtlantic extensional systems onshore
265
Manatschal G MuNTener O Lavier L L Minshull T A PeronPinvidic G
291
ROBERTSON A H F Overview of tectonic settings related to the rifting and opening of
325
Revisiting fundamental concepts of continental extension
389
ChristieBlick N Anders M H Wills S Walker C D Renik B Observations
421
Dyksterhuis S Rey P Muller R D Moresi L Effects of initial weakness on rift
443
Muhlhaus H B Lemiale V May D Incompressible viscous formulations
457

KUSZNIR N J Early kinematic history of the Goban Spur rifted margin derived
199
Observational characteristics of nonAtlantic extensional systems offshore
217

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