Cosmetics: Controlled Efficacy Studies and Regulation
Peter Elsner, Hans F. Merk, Howard I. Maibach
Springer, Jan 1, 1999 - Medical - 313 pages
With the new Cosmetics Directive of the European Union, manufacturers and distributors of cosmetics are required to keep a dossier of products containing information on product safety and efficacy. On a global scale, scientific proof of claims made for cosmetic products becomes more and more important. This book provides the information to choose the right methods for proving efficacy and/or safety of all types of cosmetics. Edited by leading experts in the field, this volume contains contributions by highly experienced researchers presenting in detail their strategies and methods for cosmetological claim support.
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Ethical Aspects for Conducting Human Studies
On the Problems of In Vivo Cleansing of the Human Skin
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Acad Dermatol acid acne active advertising agents allergens allergic antiperspirant application Arch Dermatol assay assessment barrier creams Berardesca bioengineering Boca Raton cells chemical clinical color comedogenic consumer Contact Dermatitis contact urticaria cosmetic cosmetic claims cosmetic products CRC Press cutaneous dandruff Dermatology developed drugs dry skin effect efficacy Elsner epidermis erythema European evaluation experimental exposure fiber formulation fragrances furfur genotoxicity guidelines hair horny layer human skin hydration hypoallergenic increased induced ingredients inhibition Invest Dermatol irritation ketoconazole Kligman lipids Malassezia measurements mechanical moisturizers mutagenicity parameters patch test patients photoallergic phototoxic Piérard potential procedure properties quasi-drugs reactions regulatory safety seborrhoeic dermatitis sebum sensitive Serup shampoo skin gloss skin surface Soc Cosmet Chem sodium lauryl sulfate standard stratum corneum subjects substance substantiation sunscreen surfactants T-cell Table techniques TEWL topical toxicity treatment vitro vivo washing