Alaskan Eskimo Life in the 1890s: As Sketched by Native Artists
In this book, originally published in 1972 by the Smithsonian Institution Press, the author presents a valuable study of the cultural context illustrated by the drawings and paintings discovered during the summer of 1967. Found in an old storage unit at the Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History, the sketches depict various scenes of Eskimo life as drawn by Natives in the artwork used in printing early publications of the Smithsonian's Bureau of American Ethnology. The sketches were mounted on large cardboard posters and labeled "Education in Alaska," and were attributed to the United States Bureau of Education.
George Phebus took an interest in the sketches, but attempts to research their origin resulted in meager historical and geographical data. Phebus concluded that the art was a product of various students in public and private schools in northwestern Alaska during the 1890s and observes, "Their greatest value lies in their providing us with a pictorial record of Alaskan Eskimo life as depicted by native artists just prior to the drastic changes of the 20th century."
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19th century Alaska Alaskan Eskimo animal appear arctic coast baleen bearded seal beluga Bering Strait boat bowhead whale Bureau of Education Cape Prince carcass coastal Eskimo collection crew dangerous deer dog sledding dog team drawings Eskimo art fawn feather fishing harness harpoon hauled herders holes hook hunters interior ivory kashim Kayaakpuq kayak kill Kobuk Kotzebue Sound Kuskokwim lance land otter large numbers Lawrence lsland ln sketch ln this scene lndian lower Yukon lynx marmot Messenger Feast Michael area native northwestern Alaska Norton Sound pelt Pencil and crayon Pencil and ink Pencil and watercolor Point Barrow Point Hope polar bear Port Clarence portrayed probably pull reindeer caribou reindeer herding Reindeer or caribou Reindeer Sledding reindeer station seal Seward Peninsula shore Siberian side sketch depicts skins snares Stephan lvanoff stick summer tail Teller Tiguaceak traps umiak Unalakleet walrus Walrus Hunt whalebone whaling season winter wolverine