A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness
Conscious experience is one of the most difficult and thorny problems in psychological science. Its study has been neglected for many years, either because it was thought to be too difficult, or because the relevant evidence was thought to be poor. Bernard Baars suggests a way to specify empirical constraints on a theory of consciousness by contrasting well-established conscious phenomena - such as stimulus representations known to be attended, perceptual, and informative - with closely comparable unconscious ones - such as stimulus representations known to be preperceptual, unattended, or habituated. Adducing data to show that consciousness is associated with a kind of global workplace in the nervous system, and that several brain structures are known to behave in accordance with his theory, Baars helps to clarify many difficult problems.
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What is to be explained? Some preliminaries
11 Some history and a look ahead
12 What is to be explained? A first definition of the topic
13 Some attempts to understand conscious experience
A gathering consensus
15 Some common themes in this book
16 Chapter summary and a look ahead
The basic model
65 Further implications
66 Chapter summary
Model 5 Volition as ideomotor control of thought and action
71 Is there a problem of volition? Some contrasts between similar voluntary and involuntary actions
72 Voluntary action resembles spontaneous problem solving
The ideomotor theory in modern garb
74 Evidence bearing on the ideomotor theory
75 Explaining the voluntaryinvoluntary contrasts
Model 1 Conscious representations are internally consistent and globally distributed
21 Contrasting the capabilities of conscious and unconscious processes
A global workspace blackboard in a distributed system of intelligent information processors
23 How the theoretical metaphor fits the evidence of Table 21
24 Input properties of the global workspace
How global is global?
26 Further considerations
27 Testable predictions and counterarguments
28 Chapter summary
The neural basis of conscious experience
31 The neurophysiological fit with Model 1
32 Extensions suggested by the neurophysiology
33 Recent refinements of the neurophysiological evidence
34 Chapter summary
The fundamental role of context
Model 2 Unconscious contexts shape conscious experience
41 Sources of evidence on contexts
42 Several kinds of contexts
43 Modeling contextual knowledge
44 Some plausible properties of contexts
45 Implications for empirical testing
46 Chapter summary
Model 3 Conscious experience is informative it always demands some degree of adaptation
Any learnable task goes from contextcreation to conscious information to redundancy
52 Human beings also seek information at many levels
Interpreting informativeness in the theory
Is informativeness a necessary condition for conscious experience?
55 Implications for learning
56 Some experimental predictions
57 Other implications
58 Chapter summary
Goals and voluntary control
Model 4 Goal contexts spontaneous problem solving and the stream of consciousness
61 The tipofthetongue state as a goal context or intention
62 The consciousunconsciousconscious CUC triad
63 Empirical assessment of goal contexts
64 Goal contexts and the stream of consciousness
76 Wider implications
77 Absorption and hypnosis as ideomotor events
78 Conflicts between goals
79 Chapter summary
Attention self and conscious selfmonitoring
Model 6 Attention as control of access to consciousness
81 Voluntary and automatic control of access to consciousness
82 Modeling voluntary and automatic access control
83 Directing attention toward something
Suppression repression and emotional conflict
85 Further implications
86 Chapter summary
Model 7 Self as the dominant context of experience and action
91 Contrasting self and notself experiences
92 Modeling self and selfconcept
93 Further questions to explore
94 Chapter summary
Consciousness is functional
The functions of consciousness
101 Definitional and Contextsetting Function
102 Adaptation and Learning Function
104 Recruiting and Control Function
106 Decisionmaking or Executive Function
108 Metacognitive or Selfmonitoring Function
109 Autoprogramming and Selfmaintenance Function
1010 Chapter summary
A summary and some future directions
112 A brief review of the models
113 What are the necessary conditions for conscious experience?
114 Some practical implications of GW theory
The mindbody problem revisited
Glossary and guide to theoretical claims
Review of A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness by Bernard Baars. Bruce Bridgeman Department of Psychology University of California Santa Cruz, CA 95064 ...
psyche.cs.monash.edu.au/ book_reviews/ barrs/
A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness - Cambridge University Press
Home > Catalogue > A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness. Details. Page extent: 448 pages ... A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness. Bernard J. Baars. Hardback ...
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A cognitive theory of consciousness
A cognitive theory of consciousness Baars, Bernard J. (1988) Consciousness Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Nominator's statement ...
www.cogsci.umn.edu/ OLD/ calendar/ past_events/ millennium/ files/ 1028180702.html
books.google.ca A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness - Recherche ...
Public Reviews and Comments for the A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness - Recherche Google Livres website! This page is for information, comments, ...
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Baars: A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness
A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness Bernard J. Baars. Preface and Chapter 1 Full text (PDF and ascii) available at Baars's homepage. ...
cogweb.ucla.edu/ Abstracts/ Baars_88.html
A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness
A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness. Bernard J. Baars The Wright Institute 2728 Durant Ave. Berkeley, Calif. 94704 Published by Cambridge University Press, ...
www.nsi.edu/ users/ baars/ BaarsConsciousnessBook1988/ CTC_ch01.html
How Minds Work: A Cognitive Theory of Everything - a Tutorial on ...
A cognitive theory of consciousness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Baars BJ (1997). In the theater of consciousness. ...
www.brains-minds-media.org/ archive/ 1178
Bernard Baars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Baars is best known for his book, A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness (1988) in which he develops an integrative theory called Global Workspace Theory (GWT) ...
en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Bernard_Baars
Global Workspace Theory: An interview with Bernard Baars | Science ...
He is also the author of several books, including “A cognitive theory of consciousness” (see link below), “In the theater of consciousness” and “The ...
sci-con.org/ 2005/ 07/ global-workspace-theory-an-interview-with-bernard-baars/
A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Baars, bj & Newman, J. (1994). A neurobiological interpretation of the global ...
www.imprint.co.uk/ online/ Metz_refs.html