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accused Adrian Agrippina Alexander Alexander Severus ambition amidst Antoninus Pius arms army assassin Augustus Aurelian beauty Burrhus Caesar Caligula Caracalla character Christian civil Claudius Commodus conspiracy Constantine court crimes cruelty daughter death despotism Diocletian domestic Domitian East eloquence eminent emperor empire empress enemy epoch father Faustina favour fears female Galerius Gallienus Gaul gave genius Germanicus Gibbon glory Helena Heliogabalus historians honour humanity husband illustrious Illyria imperial influence Italy Julia Julia Domna lived Macrinus Maesa Mammea master Maximin ment Messalina military mind minister modern moral mother murder nature Nero Nicomedia palace Palmyra passions patrician persecution person philosopher Plotina political posterity Praetorian racter raised reign religion Roman Rome senate Seneca Severus slaves society soldiers sovereign Spartan spirit successor Syria Tacitus temple Tetricus throne Tiberius tion Trajan triumph tyrant Valeria vices victim virtues wife wisdom woman women young Zenobia
Page 331 - Instead of the little passions which so frequently perplex a female reign, the steady administration of Zenobia was guided by the most judicious maxims of policy. If it was expedient to pardon, she could calm her resentment; if it was necessary to punish, she could impose silence on the voice of pity. Her strict economy was accused of avarice; yet on every proper occasion she appeared magnificent and liberal. The neighbouring states of Arabia, Armenia, and Persia dreaded her enmity and solicited...
Page 295 - But, as he deemed the service of mankind the most acceptable worship of the gods, the greatest part of his morning hours was employed in his council, when he discussed public affairs and determined private causes, with a patience and discretion above his years. The dryness of business was relieved by the/ charms of literature : and a portion of time was always set apart for his favourite studies of poetry, history, and philosophy.
Page 296 - Alexander, who was tall, active, and robust, surpassed most of his equals in the gymnastic arts. Refreshed by the use of the bath and a slight dinner, he resumed, with new vigor, the business of the day; and, till the hour of supper, the principal meal of the Romans, he was attended by his secretaries, with whom he read and answered the multitude of letters, memorials, and petitions, that must have been addressed to the master of the greatest part of the world.
Page 332 - The conduct, however, of Zenobia was attended with some ambiguity; nor is it unlikely that she had conceived the design of erecting an independent and hostile monarchy. She blended with the popular manners of Roman princes the stately pomp of the courts of Asia, and exacted from her subjects the same adoration that was paid to the successors of Cyrus. She bestowed on her three sons61 a Latin education, and often showed them to the troops adorned with the Imperial purple.
Page 153 - Their executions were so contrived as to expose them to derision and contempt. Some were covered over with the skins of wild beasts, and torn to pieces by dogs ; some were crucified ; others, having been daubed over with combustible materials, were set up as lights in the night time, and thus burnt to death.
Page 152 - The founder of that name was Christ, who suffered death in the reign of Tiberius, under his procurator, Pontius Pilate. This pernicious superstition, thus checked for a while, broke out again ; and spread not only over Judea, where the evil originated, but through Rome also, whither every thing bad upon earth finds its way, and is practised.
Page 330 - Palmyra, Syria, and the East, above five years. By the death of Odenathus, that authority was at an end which the Senate had granted him only as a personal distinction ; but his martial widow, disdaining both the Senate and Gallienus, obliged one of the Roman generals who was sent against her to retreat into Europe, with the loss of his army and his reputation.
Page 152 - They had their denomination from Christus, who, in the reign of Tiberius, was put to death as a criminal by the procurator Pontius Pilate, and who rose from the dead on the third day after his execution, and ascended into heaven.