A Strategy to Develop Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa and a Focus for the World Bank, Volumes 23-203
For 25 years, population growth has outpaced increases in agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. The lack of food and the degradation of agricultural land have forced policymakers to reassess agricultural strategies for the region. This paper provides such a reassessment by identifying policies and investments that have worked and those that have not. The author sets out the common elements required for agricultural and rural development throughout the region. The strategy presented in this paper comprises elements from several development sectors, including transport, water supply, education, finance, and the environment. The author makes five broad recommendations to promote Region: adoption of policies to promote private sector farming and agricultural marketing, processing, and credit development and distribution of new technologies inclusion of farmers in decisions affecting their livelihood development of infrastructure and social programs in support of agriculture improved management of natural resources Projections of the likely effects of the proposed policies and investments are included. Tables throughout the text present statistics on agricultural growth rates, commodity prices, and deforestation in the region. An annex contains more general tables, with information on population growth and fertility rates, land use, agricultural exports, and droughts. The strategies suggested in this paper will be of interest to policymakers, academics, and to development practitioners involved in African agriculture.
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Introduction and Summary
Recent Performance of African Agriculture
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Africa Region African agriculture African capacity African countries agricultural development agricultural extension agricultural growth agricultural policy agricultural products agricultural research agro-industry Annex Table average Benin Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Central African Republic CFA franc conservation constraints cooperative costs COte d'lvoire cotton crop decline donor drought economic enterprises environmental Ethiopia example expanded export extension agents farm inputs fertility financing food security forest forestry fuelwood growth rates Guinea-Bissau hectares impact important improved increase industrial infrastructure input supply institutions investment irrigation Kenya labor land tenure livestock logging long-term maize Malawi ment natural resource management needs NGOs Nigeria output parastatals participation pasture percent per annum plans policy environment policy reform population growth potential private sector programs projects public sector rainfall research and extension rural areas rural roads Sahel Senegal soil strategy Sub-Saharan Africa Tanzania Togo Uganda urban user rights women World Bank Zambia Zimbabwe