A.D. 381: Heretics, Pagans, and the Christian State (Google eBook)

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Penguin, Jan 26, 2010 - History - 272 pages
13 Reviews
A provoking and timely examination of one of the most important periods in Church history

In A.D. 381, Theodosius, emperor of the eastern Roman empire, issued a decree in which all his subjects were required to subscribe to a belief in the Trinity of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. This edict defined Christian orthodoxy and brought to an end a lively and wide-ranging debate about the nature of God; all other interpretations were now declared heretical. It was the first time in a thousand years of Greco-Roman civilization free thought was unambiguously suppressed. Why has Theodosius's revolution been airbrushed from the historical record? In this groundbreaking book, acclaimed historian Charles Freeman argues that Theodosius's edict and the subsequent suppression of paganism not only brought an end to the diversity of religious and philosophical beliefs throughout the empire, but created numerous theological problems for the Church, which have remained unsolved. The year A.D. 381, as Freeman puts it, was "a turning point which time forgot."


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Review: AD 381: Heretics, Pagans and the Dawn of the Monotheistic State

User Review  - Robb Casey - Goodreads

Charles Freeman presents some very interesting information about early Christianity. I think the content of information is excellent but it seems to overreach into too many tangents to be clear and ... Read full review

Review: AD 381: Heretics, Pagans and the Dawn of the Monotheistic State

User Review  - Dave - Goodreads

Freeman has, in AD 381, shown where the birth of modern Christianity coincided with the ending of tolerance & diversity of intellectual freedom, with not only matters spiritual, but also those akin to ... Read full review


The Divine Emperor
Free Speech in the Classical World
The Coming of the Christian State
True God from True God?
The Swansong of Free Speech the Theological Orations of Gregory of Nazianus
Constantinople 381 the Imposition of Orthodoxy
The Assault on Paganism
Epiphanius Witchhunt
Enforcing the Law
Augustine Sets the Seal
Collapse in the Christian West
Faith Reason and the Trinity

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About the author (2010)

In more than thirty years, Charles Freeman's travels have taken him to most of the sites mentioned in The Greek Achievement, from Aphrodisias to Olympia, from Troy to Delphi. He has dug on all three continents surrounding the Mediterranean and served as academic director on summer schools on Renaissance Italy. His books include EGYPT, GREECE AND ROME; CIVILIZATIONS OF THE ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN; and LEGACIES OF THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS.

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