In 1982 Ronald Reagan initiated the largest military buildup ever seen during peacetime. While the buildup focused on new weapons and increases in force structure, it also involved more intense use of existing ranges and greater demand for new land and airspace.
Most of the land acquisition occurred in the West. In Idaho the U.S. Air Force requested 1.3 million acres to expand existing bombing ranges. The National Guard sought a 1-million-acre tank-training range in Montana. The U.S. Army proposed to expand the Fort Irwin tank range in California by 250,000 acres. But nowhere has the military's hunger for land created more concern than in Nevada. Proposals for use of Nevada's most plentiful resource include a 600,000-acre tank-training range and a 500,000-acre expansion of navy bombing ranges.
The unrestrained procurement of public lands by the armed forces has caused considerable controversy among Nevadans and has raised public demand for active involvement in the planning process for military ranges. In Combat Zoning, David Loomis provides an objective analysis of the withdrawal of public lands for military use by all of the armed services.
The primary theme that emerges from this study is that a lack of citizen participation in the development of military land-use plans is a weakness in the planning process for these lands. Loomis argues that public lands are the common legacy of all citizens; consequently, their participation in decisions affecting those lands is a right, not a privilege, even when national security is at stake. Military planners should seek out and welcome that participation.
Combat Zoning provides the general public and land-use planners with a clear picture of military planning and how it has affected one western state. It applies lessons learned about participatory democracy at other levels of government and society to the military's long-standing reliance on technological procedures.
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ONE Battle Born
THREE World War II Btttt
FOUR The Engle
FIVE Air Force Proposals
SIX State Military Maneuvers
SEVEN Military Planning Doctrine
Expanding the Bravo Ranges
NINE Operation Ugly Baby and Beyond
Aerojet agencies air space aircraft Ammunition Depot analysis Black Rock Black Rock Range bombing range Bravo 16 Bravo 20 buffer zone Bureau of Land Churchill County congressional Continental Operations Range David Loomis collection decision Department of Defense desert Dixie Valley draft EIS drawal electronic warfare Engle Act Environmental Impact Statement Environmental Policy Act Facilities Engineering Command Fallon Naval Air geothermal Groom Range included Interior land and air Land Management land use planning Lincoln County livestock grazing major master land withdrawal ment Military Lands Withdrawal million acres Mineral County mining MX missile National Environmental Policy Naval Air Station Naval Facilities Engineering Navy's Nellis Range Nevada National Guard Pershing County planners planning process public land Reno Rock and Sahwave Sahwave Range Senator Special Nevada Report supersonic operations area tion training range U.S. Air Force U.S. Congress U.S. Navy University of Nevada Vegas wildlife withdrawal proposal