Religion and Human Nature (Google eBook)

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Oxford University Press, Nov 19, 1998 - Religion - 344 pages
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Continuing Keith Ward's series on comparative religion, this book deals with religious views of human nature and destiny. The beliefs of six major traditions are presented: the view of Advaita Vedanta that there is one Supreme Self, unfolding into the illusion of individual existence; the Vaishnava belief that there is an infinite number of souls, whose destiny is to be released from material embodiment; the Buddhist view that there is no eternal Self; the Abrahamic belief that persons are essentially embodied souls; and the materialistic position that persons are complex material organisms. Indian ideas of rebirth, karma, and liberation from samsara are critically analysed and compared with semitic belief in the intermediate state of Sheol, Purgatory or Paradise, the Final Judgement and the resurrection of the body. The impact of scientific theories of cosmic and biological evolution on religious beliefs is assessed, and a form of 'soft emergent materialism' is defended, with regard to the soul. In this context, a Christian doctrine of original sin and atonement is presented, stressing the idea of soterial, as opposed to forensic, justice. Finally, a Christian view of personal immortality and the 'end of all things' is developed in conversation with Jewish and Muslim beliefs about judgement and resurrection.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
NonDualism Advaita Vedanta
10
The Search for the Self Vaishnava Hinduism
36
The Doctrine of Rebirth
51
Buddhism and the Self
76
Evolutionary Naturalism
113
The Embodied Soul
134
Original Sin
159
Salvation by Grace
204
The World to Come
229
Human Destiny in Judaism and Islam
255
Human Destiny in Christianity
271
The Ultimate End of All Things
296
Conclusion
324
Author Index
329
Subject Index
331

The Doctrine of Atonement
186

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About the author (1998)

Keith Ward is Regius Professor of Divinity at Oxford University.

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