The Third Reich and the Palestine Question

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Transaction Publishers, 2000 - History - 319 pages
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In order to ensure its racial, ideological, and strategic interests, the Hitler regime actively supported the status quo in Palestine and the Middle East during the interwar period. This included the perpetuation of British imperial power in Palestine, the Jewish National Home (not an independent Jewish state) promised by the Balfour Declaration, and the rejection of Arab self-determination and independence.

The Third Reich and the Palestine Question is the first comprehensive study of German Palestine policy during the 1930s. Francis R. Nicosia places that policy within the context of historical German interests and aims in Palestine, the Middle East, and Europe from the Wilhelminian era through the Weimar period and the Third Reich. He also provides insight into the broader foreign policy aims and calculations of the Nazi regime throughout the Arab Middle East before World War II.

In a new introduction, Nicosia places his ground-breaking research in its proper historical perspective. He reviews some of the recent literature on the history of Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. He also discusses some of the archival materials that have recently become available in the former German Democratic Republic and Soviet Union.

"Nicosia has written the definitive study of this fascinatingepoch in the histories of the participants. It is a masterful examination of every interwoven thread in the complicated tapestry of Nazi Germany's relations with the Middle East, as well as with Great Britain and the Zionist movement."--Arnold Krammer, American Historical Review

"The tight structure of the book, lucid narrative, and exhaustive use of relevant sources lend this book a definitive character."--Martin Kramer, Middle Eastern Studies

"A masterly piece of scholarship, Nicosia's historical study defines the aims and purposes of Nazi foreign policy toward Palestine in the thirties A valuable addition to an often neglected area of Holocaust studies."--Dimensions, A Journal of Holocaust Studies

Francis R. Nicosia
is professor of history at St. Michael's College in Colchester, Vermont.

  

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Contents

Imperial and Weimar Precedents
1
Early National Socialist Attitudes toward Zionism
16
Alfred Rosenberg Zionism and the Conspiracy Theory
21
The Emergence of Hitlers Attitude toward Zionism
26
The Development of the Haavara Transfer Agreement
29
The Impact of the AntiGerman Boycott
33
ConsulGeneral Wolff and the Role of Palestine
36
The German Government and the Haavara Transfer Agreement of 1933
41
The Arab Revolt of 1936
99
The Peel Partition Plan and the Question of a Jewish State
109
The German Foreign Office and the Question of a Jewish State
112
The Rejection of Diplomatic Initiatives against the Partition Plan
123
Emigration Policy and the Haavara Debate
126
Hitlers Intervention and the Continuation of Jewish Emigration to Palestine
140
Continuation of the Zionist Option
145
The Economic Ausschaltung
148

The Zionist Connection 19331937
50
The Role of the SS
54
The Umschulungslager
58
Abteilung 11112 and Palestine
60
Other Interested Agencies
64
The Role of England in Hitlers Foreign Policy Plans
67
The Formulation of Hitlers Englandpolitik to 1933
69
The Quest for Alliance 19331937
72
Without England 19351937
76
The Racial Factor
82
The Rejection of an Arab Connection 19331937
85
The Rejection of Arab Overtures to 1936
87
The NSDAP and the Palastinadeutsche
92
The SS and the Centralization of Emigration Policy
151
The Limits of the Legal Immigration System
157
The Promotion of Illegal Immigration to Palestine
159
Toward the Final Solution
163
Germany Palestine and the Middle East 19381939
168
German Propaganda and Italian Middle East Policy
174
Germany and the Arab World 19381939
180
Conclusions
193
Appendixes
203
Notes
223
Bibliography
283
Index
303
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Francis R. Nicosianbsp;is professor of history at St. Michael's College in Colchester, Vermont.

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