Explorations of the Highlands of the Brazil: With a Full Account of the Gold and Diamond Mines. Also, Canoeing Down 1500 Miles of the Great River São Francisco, from Sabará to the Sea, Volume 1 (Google eBook)

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Tinsley Bros., 1869 - Gold mines and mining
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Page 341 - Then shall follow the Lesson, taken out of the fifteenth chapter of the former Epistle of Saint Paul to the Corinthians.
Page 4 - The superiority of the bleak north to tropical regions however is only in their social aspect, for I hold to the opinion that although humanity can reach an advanced state of culture only by battling with the inclemencies of nature in high latitudes, it is under the equator alone that the perfect race of the future will attain to complete fruition of man's beautiful heritage, the earth.
Page 107 - Of all inventions, the alphabet and the printing press alone excepted, those inventions which abridge distance have done most for the civilization of our species. Every improvement of the means of locomotion benefits mankind morally and intellectually as well as materially...
Page 90 - The copper, or rather bronze coinage, first issued in 1800, is formed of an alloy consisting of 95 parts of copper, 4 of tin, and 1 of zinc. The coins are only about half the weight of their old copper representatives. The processes of casting and coining the bronze are essentially the same as in the case of gold and silver. The operation of rolling follows that of casting. It consists in repeatedly...
Page 422 - Where my tired mind might rest and call it home. There is a magic in that little word ; It is a mystic circle that surrounds Comforts and virtues never known beyond The hallowed limit.
Page 270 - Nowhere, even in oriental countries, has the 'bitter draught' so little of gall in it; In the present day the Brazilian negro need not envy the starving liberty of the poor in most parts of the civilized world." Donald Pierson, the American scholar who has made a study of the Negro in northern Brazil, concluded that "humane and intimate relations between master and slave were — in...
Page 42 - The blame for all this he laid to the large proprietor, to the techniques inherited from the Indian and "Inner Africa, and perpetuated by the slovenly methods of culture everywhere necessary where slave labour is employed." 15 Confirming this opinion, twenty years later another observer bemoaned the loss of rich topsoil washed into narrow rock-lined streams; where terraces existed along river bottoms invariably the land was an unproductive clay. "All the humus is carried away by the currents...
Page 389 - climate' I always use in the narrow and popular sense. Dr. Forry and many previous writers make it nearly coincide with ' physical geography :' " Climate constitutes the aggregate of all the external physical circumstances appertaining to each locality in its relation to organic nature.
Page 373 - by the equation " Whatever is is bad; " yet they are neither optimists nor pessimists. They have as little idea of "finality
Page 301 - ... they crumble to a powder almost black. The constituents are micaceous iron-schist, and friable quartz mixed with specular iron, oxide of manganese, J and fragments of talc The floor rock at Cocaes is fine micaceous peroxide of iron (specular iron), thin and tabular Much of the jacutinga is foliated It shows great differences of consistency ; some of it is hard and compact as haematite, and this must be stamped like quartz. In parts it feels soapy and greasy, not harder than fuller's earth ; it...

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