Teacher's College says: "In Germany each state has its Minister of Education, who is the active head of the educational systems of the state, and whose control reaches into the far corners of the domain. In general all control of the so-called Interna of the school affairs emanates directly or indirectly from his office. Programs of study, qualifications of teachers, training of teachers, choice of text books and the like fall under this authority. While the construction of schools, school equipment and kindred affairs not directly connected with the process of instruction are intrusted to the externa, or common people. Thus the really vital matters of school policy are administered by a certain competent authority, over which the individual citizens have no control and upon which they can exert no influence, political or otherwise."

Now the natural question for us to ask is: Is the vital control of our educational system to be taken away from the states and placed under national control, with the possibility of it coming under the control of some radical leaders or politicians. Section 14, referred to above, seems to make it clear that the management of the public school system is to be left in the hands of the state and local authorities.

The following from a recent N. E. A. Bulletin has this to say on the subject:

"It is illogical to conclude that if a Department of Education is created and Federal aid given, the Federal Government will arbitrarily control the administration of education in the States.. Some of the executive departments deal with subjects over which the National Government has absolute authority, and others deal with subjects over which it does not have controlling authority. The Department of the Treasury and the Department of the War are examples of the former, while the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Labor are examples of the latter.

The National Government can assist the States in the promotion of education as it assists in promoting the interests of Agriculture, commerce and labor, but under the provisions of the Constitution it cannot control, because the administration of education is reserved to the states. This bill specifically provides that all the educational facilities encouraged by its provisions shall be organized, supervised and administered exclusively by the legally constituted state and local educational authorities within the several States."

THE ILLINOIS COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATIVE
WOMEN IN EDUCATION.

EEPOET OF ANNUAL MEETING DECEMBEE 30, 1919.

The annual meeting of the Illinois Council of Administrative Women in Education was held Tuesday, December 30, at 2:00 p. m., in the high school building, Springfield, Illinois.

The President, Miss Elvira D. Cabell, occupied the chair.

The minutes of the meeting of February 28, 1919 were approved as read.

The annual report of the treasurer was read, accepted and ordered placed on file.

The committee appointed to draw up a set of by-laws presented the following report which was unanimously adopted:

NAME.

The name of this organization shall be the Illinois Council of Administrative Women in Education.

OBJECTS.

Its objects are:

1. To promote acquaintance and good fellowship among administrative women locally and throughout the State.

2. To exchange ideas and experiences along administrative lines.

3. To develop leadership.

4. To assist in working out specific educational problems.

5. To cooperate with other State organizations engaged in educational or general welfare work.

6. To present school problems to the. community and community problems to the school for common action.

7. To stimulate the formation of local organizations.

MEMBERSHIP.

Any woman holding an administrative position in educational work in Illinois is eligible to membership in this organization.

OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS.

The officers of this council shall be a president, a vice president and a secretary-treasurer. There shall also be a director representing each of the several divisions as named by the Illinois State Teachers' Association and there may be two additional directors from the Chicago division. The officers and directors shall constitute the executive board.

The officers and directors shall be elected at the annual meeting for a term of two years to fill offices becoming vacant except that in 1919 a president and one-half the directors shall be elected for two years and a vice president, a secretary-treasurer and one-half the directors shall be elected for one year.

The duties of the officers shall be such as usually pertain to their offices. The executive board shall manage the business of the council during the intervals between meetings of the council.

A nominating committee shall be appointed by the executive board in November of each year to present nominations for officers and directors at the annual meeting.

MEETINGS AND QUORUMS.

The annual meeting of the council shall be held at the same time and place as the annual meeting of the Illinois State Teachers' Association. Meetings of the executive board shall be held upon call of the president or upon written request of any two members of the board.

Seven members of the council shall constitute a quorum for a meeting of the council; three members of the board from at least two divisions shall constitute a quorum for a meeting of the executive board.

DUES.

The annual dues shall be $1.50, which shall include the annual dues of the National Council.

PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDURE.

Mary Bell Sherman's Rules of Order shall control parliamentary procedure in this council.

AMENDMENTS.

These by-laws may. be amended by a two-thirds vote at the annual meeting of the council or at a special meeting, provided written notice of the proposed amendment is sent to each member of the council at least ten days prior to the special meeting.

The president reported that the breakfast held at the St. Nicholas Hotel, Springfield, Illinois, December 30 at 8:00 o'clock was a verypleasant social event. Miss Florence Holbrook, of Chicago, Mrs. Harry L. Fleming, Bloomington, Illinois, Miss Caroline Grote, of Macomb, Illinois, Mrs. E. B. Fnnis, of Evanston, Illinois, and Miss Mary M. Steagall of Carbondale, Illinois, responded to toasts.

The Nominating Committee consisting of Miss Mary M. Steagall, chairman, Mrs. E. B. Ennis and Miss Bessie Cooper, presented the following names for officers and directors:

For President (to serve two years)—Miss Caroline Grote, Dean of Women, Western Illinois State Normal School, Macomb, Illinois.

For Vice President (to serve- one year)—Miss Mary Ross Potter, Dean of Women, Northwestern University. Evanston, Illinois.

For Secretary-Treasurer (to serve one year)—Miss Myrtle Kaufman, Principal, Teachers' Training School, Springfield. Illinois.

For directors (to serve one year)—Central Division—Mrs. Harry L. Fleming, President State Parent-Teachers' Association, Bloomington, Illinois. Southern Division—Mrs. Judge Hart, President, State Federation of Woman's Clubs, Benton, Illinois. Western Division—Mrs. Abbie Hunter, Principal, Irving School, Peoria, Illinois. Bast Central Division—Miss Ruby E. Mason, Dean of Women. University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois. Northwestern Division—Miss Edna Keith, Supervisor of Primary Grades, Joliet, Illinois. Chicago Division—Miss Florence Holbrook, Principal, Forestville School, Chicago, Illinois; Miss Elizabeth Faulkner, Principal, Faulkner School. Chicago, Illinois.

For directors (to serve for two years)—Chicago Division—Miss Elvira B. Cabell, Dean of Women, Chicago Normal College, Chicago. Illinois. Northwestern Division—Miss Kate Sharrard, Supervisor of Elementary Grades, Rockford, Illinois. Southwestern Division—Miss Lulu Hill. Supervisor of Primary Grades, East St. Louis, Illinois. Upper Illinois Valley Division— Miss Grace Putnam, Principal, Moline, Illinois. Western Division—Miss Lou M. Harris, County Supt. of Schools, Rock Island, Illinois. Lake Shore Division—Mrs. Frances C. Robertson, Secretary and Business Manager, Board of Education, Evanston, Illinois. South Central Division—(No representative.)

On motion of Mrs. Ennis and second of Mrs. Robertson, Miss Elvira Cabell was elected State vice-president for Illinois for the ensuing year. The president asked for nominations for these officers from the floor—no such nominations were made.

On motion of Miss Holbrook and second of Mrs. Ennis the secretary was instructed to cast the ballot for nominees as presented by the Nominating Committee. The secretary reported this having been done, the president declared the following to be duly elected officers and directors of the Illinois Council of Administrative Women in Education:

President—Miss Caroline Grote.

Vice President—Miss Mary Ross Potter.

Secretary-Treasurer—Miss Myrtle Kaufman.

Directors—Mrs. Harry L. Fleming, Mrs. Judge Hart, Mrs. Abbie Hunter, Miss Ruby E. Mason, Miss Edna Kieth, Miss Florence Holbrook, Miss Elizabeth Faulkner, Miss Elvira D. Cabell, Miss Kate Sharrard, Miss Lulu Hill, Miss Grace Putnam, Miss Lou M. Harris, Mrs. Francis C. Robertson.

State Vice President—Elvira D. Cabell.

Miss Cabell relinquished the president's chair in favor of Miss Caroline Grote.

The Executive Board was empowered to fill all vacancies occurring among the officers and directors before the next annual meeting.

Miss Holbrook and Miss Cabell were appointed a committee to prepare a registration card for women in administrative positions embodying the ideas of this council and to present the same as a contribution of the Illinois Council to the National Council at its meeting in February, 1920.

The State vice-president was instructed to recommend to the National Council that the annual dues of its bodv be 50 cents instead of $1.

The State vice-president was further instructed to request the National Council to prepare a program of nation-wide activities which could be carried on by the individual state councils.

Miss Cabell was appointed to represent the Illinois Council in carrying out the policies of the Illinois Fair Price Commission, Woman's Division.

On motion of Miss Cabell and second of Miss Holbrook, the president was authorized to appoint a committee of three—the president to act as chairman-—on the Constitutional Convention. Miss Holbrook and Mrs. Ennis received such appointments.

The secretary was directed to notify the new officers and directors of their appointments and to send a copy of these minutes to each member of the council.

On motion, the meeting adjourned.

(Signed) Fbances C. Robftctson, Secretary.

OUR PURPOSES. %

(edith Mitchell Ennis, Member of Board of Education, District 75, Evanston, Illinois.)

I am reminded this morning of the teacher who asked her young charges to name one thing of importance that did not exist a hundred years ago. A new little girl sitting in the front row promptly arose and answered "me." So here we are and we may well pause and ask ourselves why. In this day when there are already so many organizations, is it necessary or advisable to start a new one? There are at least two vital needs which this organization can meet. One of these needs is for organized effort and a trained intelligent leadership in the promotion of common good, the other is for a broader contact by teachers with the life outside the class room. The war gave us an opportunity to prove the value of responding to these needs; it proved the value of organized effort in accomplishing desirable social ends, it brought school people out into the community and the life of the community into the schools.

Today the State and National Councils of Administrative Women are preparing themselves to act in furthering the common good and in vitalizing the educational profession through community cooperation. In order to achieve these ends there is need for a nation-wide program. A half dozen big movements stand waiting for our cooperation. There is the important campaign for child health which should be brought to the community by educational leaders rather than be forced upon the schools by the community. There is the great Americanization program for which every school house should be an outpost and every teacher a leader. There is need to formulate a new national educational program in which girls shall have equal consideration with boys. There is need to interpret the status of education and the status of the teacher to the community. There is an urgent need to recruit to the teaching profession capable young men and young women. There is need for the widest cooperation in the movement to secure fair prices. Opportunities for service are many and pressing.

While each state might formulate its own program without relation to any other state, organized effort during the war exemplified the impetus and enthusiasm aroused when each group worked with other groups toward a common end. Shall we not, therefore, as a State Council request the National Council to send to the states a nation-wide program) based on community cooperation?

We are living in a new world. The children think in new terms. A little five-year-old who had spent many hours of his young life in an automobile went to kindergarten for the first time. When he came home he asked his father, "Do birds have gears?" "Why do you ask that?" said his father. "Well," replied the little boy, "the teacher taught us to sing

'The blue bird goes up on high

To match his color against the sky.'

"How can he 'go up on high' unless he has gears?" If we are to understand this new world we must live in it and not apart from it, if we are to do our part we must contribute a leadership for the maintaining of the common good.

TO ILLINOIS COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATIVE WOMEN IN EDUCATION.

(mks. Harey L. Fleming.)

When I received the invitation from your president to give a few minutes' talk at this breakfast, your organization was an entirely new one to me, but the name attracted my attention and I began to turn over in my mind what the getting together of such a group of women might mean to education. Then, of course, I wondered why you asked me to talk, but on examination of your excellent little dodger I found that I happened to be one of the administrative women included in your name. When I received the program I saw how you had distributed the talks, selecting two teachers, a, member of a board of education and a parent-teacher association worker and immediately I said to myself, "Why is it? Is it because 'misery loves company' or because 'happiness was born a twin' that the teachers have asked the board of education member and the parent-teacher association worker to talk things over with them?" I choose to think it is the happy

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