Discerning Spirits: Divine and Demonic Possession in the Middle Ages

Front Cover
Cornell University Press, 2003 - History - 327 pages
2 Reviews
Trance states, prophesying, convulsions, fasting, and other physical manifestations were often regarded as signs that a person was seized by spirits. In a book that sets out the prehistory of the early modern European witch craze, Nancy Caciola shows how medieval people decided whom to venerate as a saint infused with the spirit of God and whom to avoid as a demoniac possessed of an unclean spirit. This process of discrimination, known as the discernment of spirits, was central to the religious culture of Western Europe between 1200 and 1500.Since the outward manifestations of benign and malign possession were indistinguishable, a highly ambiguous set of bodily features and behaviors were carefully scrutinized by observers. Attempts to make decisions about individuals who exhibited supernatural powers were complicated by the fact that the most intense exemplars of lay spirituality were women, and the "fragile sex" was deemed especially vulnerable to the snares of the devil. Assessments of women's spirit possessions often oscillated between divine and demonic interpretations. Ultimately, although a few late medieval women visionaries achieved the prestige of canonization, many more were accused of possession by demons. Caciola analyzes a broad array of sources from saints' lives to medical treatises, exorcists' manuals to miracle accounts, to find that observers came to rely on the discernment of bodies rather than seeking to distinguish between divine and demonic possession in purely spiritual terms.
  

What people are saying - Write a review

Discerning spirits: divine and demonic possession in the Middle Ages

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

Caciola (history, Univ. of California, San Diego) brings to light lesser-known but textually documented visionaries of the Middle Ages, along with the big names, in her study of the fine line ... Read full review

Review: Discerning Spirits: Divine and Demonic Possession in the Middle Ages

User Review  - Stacey Weber - Goodreads

A fascinating feminist examination of the middle ages and demonic possession. Well balanced primary sources and fairly handled social critique that, at times, reads like a tabloid. Fascinating and informative! Read full review

Contents

A PROTRACTED DISPUTATION
24
Possessed Behaviors
31
Ciphers
79
Fallen Women and Fallen Angels
129
Breath Heart Bowels
176
Exorcizing Demonic Disorder
225
Testing Spirits in the Effeminate Age
274
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (2003)

Nancy Caciola is Associate Professor of Medieval History at University of California, San Diego.

Bibliographic information