Discerning Spirits: Divine and Demonic Possession in the Middle Ages
Trance states, prophesying, convulsions, fasting, and other physical manifestations were often regarded as signs that a person was seized by spirits. In a book that sets out the prehistory of the early modern European witch craze, Nancy Caciola shows how medieval people decided whom to venerate as a saint infused with the spirit of God and whom to avoid as a demoniac possessed of an unclean spirit. This process of discrimination, known as the discernment of spirits, was central to the religious culture of Western Europe between 1200 and 1500.Since the outward manifestations of benign and malign possession were indistinguishable, a highly ambiguous set of bodily features and behaviors were carefully scrutinized by observers. Attempts to make decisions about individuals who exhibited supernatural powers were complicated by the fact that the most intense exemplars of lay spirituality were women, and the "fragile sex" was deemed especially vulnerable to the snares of the devil. Assessments of women's spirit possessions often oscillated between divine and demonic interpretations. Ultimately, although a few late medieval women visionaries achieved the prestige of canonization, many more were accused of possession by demons. Caciola analyzes a broad array of sources from saints' lives to medical treatises, exorcists' manuals to miracle accounts, to find that observers came to rely on the discernment of bodies rather than seeking to distinguish between divine and demonic possession in purely spiritual terms.
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Review: Discerning Spirits: Divine and Demonic Possession in the Middle AgesUser Review - Stacey Weber - Goodreads
A fascinating feminist examination of the middle ages and demonic possession. Well balanced primary sources and fairly handled social critique that, at times, reads like a tabloid. Fascinating and informative! Read full review
Review: Discerning Spirits: Divine and Demonic Possession in the Middle AgesUser Review - Kevin Stan - Goodreads
This book focuses on the role of exorcism in the medieval age with regards to women. It's a very in depth study of the role of women, religion, and spiritual possession of that era. A very unique book any one interested in the subject should check out. Read full review
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Discerning Spirits: Divine and Demonic Possession in the Middle Ages (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003). "Mystics, Demoniacs, and the Physiology of ...
historyweb.ucsd.edu/ pages/ people/ faculty%20pages/ NCaciola.html
| Book Review | The American Historical Review, 109.3 | The ...
Discerning Spirits: Divine and Demonic Possession in the Middle Ages. (Conjunctions of Religion & Power in the Medieval Past. ...
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The Demonic Side of Witchcraft.(Discerning Spirits: Divine
Discerning Spirits: Divine and Demonic Possession in the Middle Ages. By Nancy Caciola. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003. xvi + 327 pages. Dem.
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Nancy Caciola : Discerning Spirits: Divine And Demonic Possession ...
Discerning Spirits: Divine And Demonic Possession In The Middle Ages (Conjunctions Of Religion And Power In The Medieval Past) ...
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Traditions and Trajectories in the Historiography of European ...
Traditions and Trajectories in the. Historiography of European Witch Hunting. Thomas A. Fudge. Hewitt Research Foundation. Abstract ...
www.blackwell-synergy.com/ doi/ pdf/ 10.1111/ j.1478-0542.2006.00310.x