Cenozoic plants and climates of the Arctic
Fifty million years ago, the Arctic Ocean was a warm sea, bounded by lush vegetation of the warm-temperate shores of Scandinavia, Siberia, Alaska and the Northwest Territories. Wind and storms were rare because Atlantic weather systems had not developed but, as today, polar day length added a hostile element to this otherwise tranquil climate.
With the aid of scientists from all the countries close to the Arctic Circle, this book describes the palaeontology, the statistical analysis of vegetational features, comparisons with atmospheric, marine, and geological features and some of the first models of plant migration developed from newly constructed databases.
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The Atmosphere Tectonics and the Marine Realm
Comparisons with other Evidence
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Acer Alaska Alnus angiosperms Arcto-Tertiary Asia assemblages Axel Heiberg Island basin boundary broad-leaved Budants Budantsev Cenomanian Cenozoic Central Europe clades climatic change Coniacian conifers cooling correlation cyst database deciduous deposits dinoflagellate dinoflagellate cyst distribution diversity DSDP Early Eocene Early Tertiary eastern Eldholm elements environmental environments Eocene estimates evergreen evidence extinct Fagus floristic Formation fossil fossil flora fossil plants Fot'janova genera Geol geological global Golovneva Greenland Heer high latitudes isotope Kazakhstan Knobloch Koryak Krassilov Kvacek Late Cretaceous Late Eocene leaf leaves Maastrichtian marine Metasequoia Middle Eocene migration Miocene modern Neogene North America North Atlantic Northern Hemisphere occurred Ocean Oligocene Palaeoclim Palaeogene patterns planktonic platanoids Platanus Pliocene polar pollen Priabonian record region River Rupelian Russian samples sediments species Spicer Spitsbergen stage stomatal density stratigraphic taphoflora taxa temperate temperature Tetraclinis thermophilous Trochodendroides Turonian Ulmus vegetation volcanic Walther warm warm-temperate western Kamchatka Wolfe J.A.