The human potential for peace: an anthropological challenge to assumptions about war and violence
In The Human Potential for Peace: An Anthropological Challenge to Assumptions about War and Violence, renowned anthropologist Douglas P. Fry shows how anthropology--with its expansive time frame and comparative orientation--can provide unique insights into the nature of war and the potential for peace. Challenging the traditional view that humans are by nature primarily violent and warlike, Professor Fry argues that along with the capacity for aggression humans also possess a strong ability to prevent, limit, and resolve conflicts without violence. Raising philosophy of science issues, the author shows that cultural beliefs asserting the inevitability of violence and war can bias our interpretations, affect our views of ourselves, and may even blind us to the possibility of achieving security without war. Fry draws on data from cultural anthropology, archaeology, and sociology as well as from behavioral ecology and evolutionary biology to construct a biosocial argument that challenges a host of commonly held assumptions.
The Human Potential for Peace includes ethnographic examples from around the globe, findings from Fry's research among the Zapotec of Mexico, and results of cross-cultural studies on warfare. In showing that conflict resolution exists across cultures and by documenting the existence of numerous peaceful societies, it demonstrates that dealing with conflict without violence is not merely a utopian dream. The book also explores several highly publicized and interesting controversies, including Freeman's critique of Margaret Mead's writings on Samoan warfare; Napoleon Chagnon's claims about the Yanomamo; and ongoing evolutionary debates about whether "hunter-gatherers" are peaceful or warlike. The Human Potential for Peace is ideal for undergraduate courses in political and legal anthropology, the anthropology of peace and conflict, peace studies, political sociology, and the sociology of war and violence. Written in an informal style with numerous entertaining examples, the book is also readily accessible to general readers.
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Questioning the War Assumption
The Peace System of the Upper Xingu
The Human Potential for Peace
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137 unokais age effect anthropological archaeological assumptions Australian Aborigine australopithecine average Balikci band societies behavior belief system Berndt Boehm Bonta Chagnon chapter chiefdoms complex hunter-gatherers conflict management cross-cultural cultural belief Dennen Dentan disputes ethnographic evidence evolutionary example Ferguson feuding fighting Freeman Gardner Ghiglieri Gregor groups headman effect headmen Hoebel homicide human hunter-gatherer bands hunter-gatherer societies Ifaluk inclusive fitness individual italics added Ju/'hoansi Keeley lethal male Mbuti Mead murder nature Netsilik nomadic band nomadic foragers non-unokais nonviolent nonwarring observation Otterbein Paliyan pattern percent persons Pervasive Intergroup Hostility physical aggression relatives Robarchek Samoans sample San Andres score self-redress Semai Semang sexual simple foragers simple hunter-gatherers simple nomadic hunter-gatherers Siriono social organization suggest Tiwi Tonkinson tribes Trumai typical unokai advantage unokai offspring unokais unokais and non-unokais violence warfare wives women Wrangham & Peterson Wrangham and Peterson Xingu Xingu River Yahgan Yanomamo Zapotec