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19th century Abbassid American ancient Filipinos Arabian Arabic areas arquebuses Asian attack Basilan Borneo Buisan Camucones captives caracoas Cebu Chinese Christian Filipinos coastal colonial navy communities concept conflict Consequently Cotabato cultural datus datuship designs economic effect emerged established ethnic expedition Filipino Muslim Filipino navy folkislamic forces hundred Ilanun indigenous institution Islamic influence island joangas Jolo Juan kampilan Koran kumpit Lanao leadership Luzon Maguindanao sultanate Manila Maranao Mindanao Moro Muslim fleet Muslim navy Muslim societies Muslim South Muslim struggle Muslim world native nature panglima pattern Philippines political praus pre-Islamic problem Pulangi raids Rajah referred religious ritual role ruling class Saleeby Samal sapit seacraft seafarers Sirongan slave Southeast Asia Spain Spaniards Spanish fleet Spanish navy Spanish rule Spanish sources structure Sultan Kudarat sultanate system Sulu archipelago Sulu fleet Sulu sultanate Sulu's Tadhana tarsilas Tausugs Tawi-Tawi term trade ummah vessels villages Visayas watercraft winds