Royalty Who Wait: The 21 Heads of Formerly Regnant Houses of Europe (Google eBook)
Only seven European monarchies remain intact today; all are constitutional monarchies. Four empires and 16 kingdoms have disappeared in Europe during the last two centuries. The Bourbon kingdom in France vanished first, in 1830; the Greek kingdom most recently, in 1973. Former sovereigns still consider themselves to be kings. Princes, dukes and counts remain, possessed of far-reaching connections to currently reigning monarchs. For some of them the path to headship of the royal houses has been complicated, taking many twists and turns. Two world wars caused the greatest attrition in monarchies. Exile has been bitter for some, happier for others, but in and out of exile the heads of royal families live well. Many are successful in business and as financiers. Many are enthusiastic followers of sports. Some manage large estates; others are still trying to regain royal properties. The chapters are arranged in the chronological order in which the kingdoms disappeared. This book profiles twenty-one heads of formerly regnant houses of Europe, set in historical perspective, and recounting varied life styles, occupations, and interests. At the end of each chapter is a chart or set of charts depicting the line of succession of the headship of the house.
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H R H Henri Count of Paris
H R H Ernst August Prince of Hanover Duke of Brunswick
H R H Duarte Duke of Bragança
H R H Franz Duke of Bavaria
H R H Maria Emanuel Margrave of Meissen
H R H Karl Duke of Württemberg
H I H Ertugrul Osman Prince of Turkey
H M Leka I King of the Albanians
H R H Vittorio Emanuele Prince of Naples
H M Michael I King of Romania
Directory of Monarchist Organizations for 2000
a›airs abdicate Adolf Hitler Albania Alexander Alfonso Allied army Austria Balkan Bavaria became began born Bourbon brother Bulgaria Carlos Charles Napoléon Communist Count of Paris Crown Prince daughter death declared died dynasty Emperor Empire Ernst August Ertugrul Osman exile father ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂed France Franz French Friedrich Georg German Grand Duke Greece Greek Habsburg Hanover head heir Henri Hitler Holy Roman Holy Roman Emperor House of Wettin Hungary imperial International Monarchist League Italian Italy Jérôme Karl King Kingdom Kirill later Leka live Louis Ferdinand Madrid Maria Marie married Michael Monarchy Montenegro mother Naples Nikola o‡cer o‡cial Osman Otto Otto von Habsburg Ottoman Ottoman Empire palace Party Philippe Point de Vue political Portugal president prime minister Princess Queen republic Romania Romanov Royal House Russia Savoy Serbia Sicilies Simeon sister Socialist Soﬁa Spain Spanish su›ered territory throne Treaty troops Tsar Turkey Turks Vittorio Emanuele wife Wilhelm Württemberg Yugoslavia