Chemistry in the Marine Environment
Royal Society of Chemistry, Jan 1, 2000 - Science - 98 pages
The oceans cover more than 70% of the earth's surface to an average depth of almost 4000 metres. It is therefore not surprising that exchanges that occur between ocean and atmosphere exert major influences on the global climate. In addition, there is great variety within the expanses of the ocean, including large temperature differences, and enormous biodiversity brought about by the great chemical diversity within the marine environment. Written by international experts in the field, Chemistry in the Marine Environment offers a multidisciplinary and authoritative review of this important topic. Included is a review of the opportunities and challenges in developing new pharmaceuticals from the sea and an examination of contamination and pollution in the marine environment, which is a cause of great concern world-wide. The international perspective of this book will engage the interest and attention of a wide readership, from chemical oceanographers to policymakers, from students in environmental science to those in oceanography programmes.
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Introduction and Overview
Oceanic Gases and the Carbon Cycle
Pharmaceuticals from the Sea
Issues in Environmental Science and Technology No 13
A.J. Watson Acta anthropogenic anti-cancer assays atmospheric CO2 biological activity bioremediation carbon carbon cycle cell CFCs Chem climate change clinical cloud coastal complex compounds concentrations contamination Cosmochim cycle decay series deep ocean degradation dissolved dolastatin drug discovery Earth Planet effect elements enhanced Environmental Science exchange feedback Figure flux gases Geochim Geophys global greenhouse greenhouse gas half-life impact increase interactions invertebrates ions isolated isotopes large number lead Lett major marine chemistry marine environment marine natural products marine organisms marine pollution microbial microorganisms molecular nutrients ocean circulation oceanographic oxidation oxygen particles Pharmaceuticals photosynthesis physical phytoplankton planktonic plants polyketide potential processes products chemistry radiation radioactive radioactive decay radionuclides radium ratio reactions reactive result role salinity scavenging screening seawater secondary metabolites secular equilibrium sediments solubility species sponge structures surface ocean synthetic temperature terpenoid terrestrial terrestrial plants thorium tracers U-Th uranium water column water mass